Category Archives: Abalone Withering Syndrome

Abalone Withering Syndrome

Data Aggregation – Black Abalone qPCR Data for RLOv DNA helicase, WSN, & XC Prophage Portal Genes

Carolyn & Stand Langevin wanted some additional qPCR data for the three gene targets listed above from the 1st and 2nd black abalone experiments. I had previously aggregated dated for withering syndrome (WSN1) from the 1st black abalone experiment. Additionally, I ran qPCRs with RLOv DNA helicase and XC prophage portal genes on the black abalone samples from the 1st and 2nd experiments.

Below, is the mean Ct (Cq) and mean copy number (not applicable for XC prophage portal gene, since we don’t have a standard curve developed for this target yet) for each of the samples – sorted by abalone experiment, followed by sample accession number.

The quick summary is:

  • No phage (RLOv DNA helicase) detected in samples from 2nd black abalone experiment.
  • All but two samples (06:6-44 and 07:12-18) are positive for XC prophage portal gene.
  • Other than the 2nd black abalone experiment samples, all are positive for all three gene targets (except the two exceptions noted above).

Will email data/info to Carolyn and Stan.

I will also add this info to Lisa’s Google Sheet: Black Abalone: Expt 1 – WS & Phage. This sheet is a comprehensive collection of all the data accumulated (including histology scores, abalone gene targets, abalone morphology, etc) from the 1st abalone experiment.

 

Google Sheet: 20160425_black_ab_qPCR_gene_summaries

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qPCR – Black Abalone with XC Prophage Portal Primers

I accidentally skipped two samples from the 2nd black abalone experiment sample set that I qPCR’d last week, so I’m qPCRing them today.

Master mix calcs (Google Sheet): 20160425 – qPCR Black Abs XenoCal phage portal

All samples were run in duplicate.

Plate layout, cycling params, etc. can be seen in the qPCR Report (see Results below).

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2016-04-25 12-55-40_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX96): Sam_2016-04-25 12-55-40_CC009827.pcrd

Have amplification in both samples.

I will add this to a “master” spreadsheet that I’ve made containing qPCR data from three genes on ~20 samples from both the 1st and 2nd black abalone experiments.

 

 

 

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qPCR – Black Abalone with XC Prophage Portal Primers

Ran qPCR with black abalone samples from the 1st and 2nd experiments to see if the Xenocal prophage portal gene is detected.

Master mix calcs (Google Sheet): 20160421 – qPCR Black Abs XenoCal phage portal

All samples were run in duplicate.

Black abalone sample 08:13-2 was run as a positive control.

Plate layout, cycling params, etc. can be seen in the qPCR Report (see Results below).

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2016-04-21 14-11-09_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX): Sam_2016-04-21 14-11-09_CC009827.pcrd

Two samples failed to produce amplification: 06:6-44 and 07:12-18. All other samples amplified. Will compile this data with WSN and RLOv DNA helicase and send along to Carolyn and Stan.

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qPCR – WSN1 & RLOv DNA helicase on Black Abalone 2nd Experiment 08:13 Accessions

Checking DNA isolated earlier today from the 2nd black abalone experiment to see if withering syndrome (RLO) and/or the withering syndrome phage (RLOv) is detectable in these samples.

Master mix calcs

Standard curves

All samples were run in duplicate.

Plate layout, cycling params, etc. can be seen in the qPCR Report (see Results below).

Baseline thresholds were set to the following values for each assay (RLOv threshold determined by me on 20160128; WSN1 threshold determined by Lisa):

RLOv DNA helicase: 580.5

WSN1: 580

Results:

qPCR Report – RLOv DNA helicase (PDF): Sam_2016-04-21 12-39-33_CC009827_RLOv_DNA_helicase.pdf
qPCR Report – WSN1 (PDF): Sam_2016-04-21 12-39-33_CC009827_WSN.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX): Sam_2016-04-21 12-39-33_CC009827.pcrd

RLOv DNA helicase does not amplify in any samples.

WSN1 amplifies in all samples.

All samples are RLO+/RLOv-, as seen in the previous set of 08:13 samples that I qPCR’d.

 

RLOv DNA Helicase Standard Curve

 

 

RLOv DNA Helicase Amplification (Green = Std Cuve, Blue = Samples)

 

 

 

WSN1 Standard Curve

 

WSN1 Amplification (Blue = Standard Curve, Magenta= Samples)

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DNA Isolation – Black Abalone 2nd Experiment 08:13 Accessions

Isolated DNA from EtOH-preserved black abalone digestive gland tissue from the 2nd black abalone experiment.

There’s some odd background in regards to these samples which I previously described here that might be worth reviewing.

DNA was isolated using the QIAamp Fast DNA Stool Kit (Qiagen). Tissues were weighed and briefly homogenized with a disposable pestle in InhibitEX Buffer. Manufacturer’s protocol was followed. DNA  was eluted in 100μL of Buffer ATE and quantified on the Roberts Lab Qubit3.0 (ThermoFisher) using 1μL with the Qubit dsDNA Broad Range assay.

Results:

Google Sheet: 20160421_DNA_isolation_08:13_subset

 

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Data Aggregation – WS RLO and RLOv DNA Helicase qPCR and WS RLO Infection Intensities

Carolyn asked me to send her the data described above.

RLOv DNA helicase qPCR data were grabbed from the qPCR I ran on 20160106.

The qPCR data for withering syndrome RLO were culled from these three different spreadsheets:

 

The summary is below. I have emailed a copy of the spreadsheet to Carolyn.

Google Sheet: 20160404_Summary_RLO_RLOvDNAhelicase_qPCR_HistoIntensities

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qPCR – XenoCal Prophage Portal Primers on RLO/RLOv positive/negative samples

Stan Langevin and Carolyn wanted to see if this particular gene was found in the withering syndrome (RLO) or phage (RLOv) genomes. I previously identified 10 samples of each of the following combinations:

  • RLO-/RLOv-
  • RLO-/RLOv+
  • RLO+/RLOv-
  • RLO+/RLOv+

Master mix calcs are here (Google Sheet): 20160331 – qPCR Black Ab 08:13 XenoCal phage portal check

All samples were run in duplicate.

Plate layout, cycling params, etc can be viewed in the qPCR Report (see Results below).

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2016-03-31 08-51-11_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX): Sam_2016-03-31 08-51-11_CC009827.pcrd

The results are definitely interesting!

Quick summary: Amplification only seen in RLO+/RLOv- samples!

Oddly, there is no amplification in the other group of RLO+ samples (RLO+/RLOv+). Based on the fact that there is amplification in RLO+/RLOv- samples, which implies this prophage portal gene is present in withering syndrome, we would expect to also have amplification in the other group of samples that are positive for withering syndrome.

Compiled qPCR data with WSN1, RLOv_DNA_helicase, and XenoCal prophage portal gene (Google Sheet): 20160331_qPCR_summary_RLO_RLOv_pos_negs

 

Amplification Plots (PINK= RLO+/RLOv-, BLUE = RLO-/RLOv-; GREEN = RLO-/RLOv+; BLACK = RLO+/RLOv+)

 

Melt Curve Plots (see amplification plots for color scheme)

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Sample ID- XenoCal Prophage Portal Tests

Now that the XenoCal prophage portal primers appear to be in working order, Carolyn wants me to test them out on 10 samples with the following status':

  • RLO-/RLOv-
  • RLO-/RLOv+
  • RLO+/RLOv-
  • RLO+/RLOv+

In order to quickly identify samples with these qualifications, I ran a SQL query on the following spreadsheet that contain qPCR data for both withering syndrome (RLO) and the phage (RLOv):

I saved the following worksheets from the above Google Sheet as CSV files:

  • water 2010
  • water 2011

These were imported to SQLite as I’ve previously done.

The two sheets were renamed for use in SQLite, respectively:

  • AbEndoWater2010
  • AbEndoWater2011

Here are the four queries I ran to obtain the four combinations of RLO/RLOv samples listed above

RLO-/RLOv-

sqlite> SELECT '2011_H2O', "DNA Tube Label", "Mean Cq", "RLOv_mean_Cq" FROM AbEndoWater2011 WHERE "Mean Cq"=0 AND "RLOv_mean_Cq"=0

 

RLO-/RLOv+

sqlite> SELECT '2011_H2O', "DNA Tube Label", "Mean Cq", "RLOv_mean_Cq" FROM AbEndoWater2011 WHERE "Mean Cq"=0 AND "RLOv_mean_Cq">0

 

RLO+/RLOv-

sqlite> SELECT '2011_H2O', "DNA Tube Label", "Mean Cq", "RLOv_mean_Cq" FROM AbEndoWater2011 WHERE "Mean Cq">0 AND "RLOv_mean_Cq"=0

 

RLO+/RLOv+

sqlite> SELECT '2011_H2O', "DNA Tube Label", "Mean Cq", "RLOv_mean_Cq" FROM AbEndoWater2011 WHERE "Mean Cq">0 AND "RLOv_mean_Cq">0

 

Results:

It looks like we do not currently have 10 samples that are RLO+/RLOv-. I will contact Carolyn to see if she happens to know of any samples that are RLO+, but do not contain (or, should not) any RLOv.

The full list of results can be seen in the Google Sheet below.

Google Sheet: 20160322_RLO_RLOv_pos_negs

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