Category Archives: Miscellaneous

Literatur (Stand: 29.07.2019)

  • Apostolou, M. (2007). Sexual selection under parental choice: The role of parents in the evolution of human mating. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 403–409.
  • Apostolou, M. (2007). Elements of parental choice: The evolution of parental preferences in relation to in-law selection. Evolutionary Psychology, 5, 70–83.
  • Apostolou, M. (2008). Parent-offspring conflict over mating: The case of family background. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 456–468.
  • Apostolou, M. (2008). Parent-offspring conflict over mating: The case of beauty. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 303–315.
  • Apostolou, M. (in press). Parental choice: What parents want in a son-in-law and a daughter-in-law across 67 pre-industrial societies. British Journal of Psychology. Baber, R. E. (1936). Some mate selection standards of college students and their parents. Journal of Social Hygiene, 22, 115–125.
  • Buunk, A. P., Park, J. H., & Dubbs, S. L. (2008). Parent-offspring conflict in mate preferences. Review of General Psychology, 12, 47–62.
  • Buunk et al., 2002: “Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels”
  • Faulkner und Schaller, 2007: “Nepotistic nosiness: inclusive fitness and vigilance of kin members’ romantic relationship”
  • Fletcher, G. J. O., Simpson, J. A., Thomas, G., & Giles, L. (1999). Ideals in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 72-89.
  • Sprecher, 1992: “The Influence of Parents and Friends on the quality and stability of romantic relationships: a three-wave longitudinal investigation”
  • Trivers, 1974: “Parent-offspring conflict”
  • Perriloux et a., 2010: “Meet the parents: Parent-offspring convergence and divergence in mate preferences”
  • Lam et al., 2016: “What do you want in a marriage? Examining Marriage Ideals in Taiwan and the United States”
  • Gerlach et al., 2017: “Predictive Validity and Adjustment of Ideal Partner Preferences Across the Tranisition Into Romantic Relationships”
  • Campbell et al., 2016: “Initial Evidence that Individuals Form New Relationships with Partners that More Closely Match their Ideal Preferences”

The revolutionary way of doing interviews: Peer interviewing

The revolutionary way of doing interviews: Peer interviewing


Everyone knows what’s an interview -or at least a notion of what it’s like- but I can assure you’ve never heard the words “peer” and “interview” together. Don’t worry, neither did we; not before discovering some amazing articles in the prestigious journal Qualitative Research, which you obviously already knew.


The article where we found this innovation in the interview is called Enriching qualitative research by engaging peer interviewers: a case study ; in which this strategy was proposed as a result of the limitations traditional interviewing has.

You would ask yourselves, which are the interview’s limitations?

The main argument that we got from the study is that a researcher can practice reflexivity. In more familiar terms, it means that the researcher develops empathy and ‘dawned upon himself’ about his social status, in comparison with his participants; eventhough he´ll never completely understand the others’ situations, unless he use telepathy.

Here it goes the peer-interviewer’s roll, that isn´t someone with a sixth sense but someone who has similar lived experiences as the participants. So we could say that they create an atmosphere of trust and pick up information that may be worth gold to the research.

Allright then, not anybody can be a peer interviewer, the recruitment process costs more than to solve a sudoku. The researchers have to interview people to see if they´re able to interview participants and then train them to keep everything in order.


Ok, having said all this, in the article an analysis is done for house gambling in Canada. The thing is, the research performed with peer-interviews was a success and they 100% recommend others to apply the same process.

I don’t know about you, but do you imagine this kind of research here in Mexico?

Ignore the fact that we pretty much doubt house gambling is treated the same way in this country, but to get this kind of research done you need funding and that one is hard to get. Here in Mexico what you can get is a decent satellite to the astrophysics, barely.  Besides, if you talk about this research project to the government, surely they would burst out laughing.


Then perhaps to verify the effectiveness of realizing peer-interviews, it should be done in more places and with different types of lived experiences. If someone made a study about universitary life with this technique, even us would join it; just saying.

So, what do you think about it?

Leave a comment below and please share it for the world to discover the wonders of peer-interviewing!

Read the original article here:


Laura Raquel Madrigal González

Twitter: @rachelmadg


Devotta, K., Woodhall-Melnik, J., Pedersen, C., Wendaferew, A., Dowbor, T. P., Guilcher, S. J., … Matheson, F. I. (2016). Enriching qualitative research by engaging peer interviewers: a case study. Qualitative Research, 16(6), 661–680.


Focus group: Everything communicates *

Versión en español:


Imagine that you are in a room with six or up to twelve people with whom you share social, professional and / or demographic characteristics, discussing ideas, opinions, thoughts and perceptions about a particular topic with them. Sounds a bit complicated, does not it?

It is a conversation that is guided by a moderator, who encourages each one of the participants to speak. This is known as a focus group.

The focus groups serve to gather information from the experiences and knowledge of the participants, the information emerges during the exchanges between the participants, the advantages derived from the sense of belonging and cohesion generated by the group, which allows :

  • Trust and greater ease to talk about topics that interest the participants.

  • Spontaneity of the conversation between the interlocutorsP

  • Possibility of generating a problem and, at the same time, discovering how to connect ideas in a specific context.

One of the main characteristics of the focus groups is the interaction that takes place between the participants; however, in most cases, the results are analyzed as one, leaving aside the individuality of each of the responses, although not completely.

Let’s see, there are methods of analysis for the focal investigation that can help to solve the problems that arise when applying the focus groups: the analysis of the microinterlocutor and the conversational analysis.

The analysis of the micro-speaker consists in taking into account the number of response patterns among the participants of the focus group, focusing on the consensus and disagreement that occurred during the discussion, because even though the group of participants must have things in common , we all think In addition, everyone has their own vision of the world.

On the other hand, the conversational analysis has to do with how it is said, what is said and what can be said during the participations. This method allows to recognize the way in which the dialogue is established between the moderator and the members of the focal group and of course among themselves.

Both methods help to understand and the results of the groups.


Onwuegbuzie, A.J., Dickinson, W.B., Leech, N.L., & Zoran, A.G. (2009). A Qualitative Framework for Collecting and Analyzing Data in Focus Group Research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 1-21.

José Fernando García, twitter: @jose_garciadiaz
Jessica Mireles, twitter: @Jessica_Mirest
Esmeralda Lizeth del Río, twitter: @ esmedrg20
Diana Karen Jaime, twitter: @diana_karens
Abraham García, twitter: @ abraham_gm1916
Luis Enrique Morales Flores, twitter: @LuisMoralFlores


Historia de vida ¿Enemigo o aliado de la posverdad?

English versión:

En una investigación, es necesario que el autor busque cualquier fuente de información que pueda abonar a su objeto de estudio de una manera certera y reproducible.

Una estrategia de gran enriquecimiento verbal y notoriedad es la historia de vida, la cual como técnica cualitativa puede/tiende a generar una visión diversa sobre ciertos fenómenos sociales.

Su principal herramienta radica en la diversidad de perspectivas que se pueden obtener para herramientas o técnicas más variadas. Sin embargo, en ciencias sociales, al momento de recuperar datos se enfrenta a la distorsión deliberada de una realidad, que manipula creencias y emociones con el fin de influir en la opinión pública y en actitudes sociales (o sea la posverdad; según la Real Academia de la Lengua Española).

Pero ¿Por qué hablar de posverdad?

La posverdad ha estado de moda desde que se convirtió en la palabra de 2016, según el Diccionario Oxford. Los picos de uso coincidieron con el Referéndum del Brexit y la elección de Donald Trump como presidente de los EE. UU. de América

¿Lo recuerdas? Lo que nos podría decir que se trata de una expresión para descalificar las decisiones, equivocadas según las cabezas bien pensantes, o del ignorante e influenciable. Aunque este uso ha podido contribuir a su difusión, nos encontramos ante un problema aún más profundo. Las sociedades encuentran su construcción desde la palabra. Es por eso por lo que utilizamos a la posverdad para interpretar la técnica, que es de cierta forma “tramposa”, pues en la práctica, no todo es verdad.

Si el investigador se limita en esta técnica a hacer entrar las cosas en determinados cuadros, lo social se quedará dentro de una “vitrina”. No queremos una ciencia que huela a insecticidas, pongamos un ejemplo, la física se inclina a hacer cuentas del universo, la sociología a “desmatematizar”. Los números gobiernan el universo, pero los hombres gobiernan los números. Un sabio solo descubre las leyes del universo bajo la condición de descomponer el mundo en sistemas cerrados, de distinguir en estos una jerarquía de condiciones y de llegar; el investigador, al revés, se encuentra en presencia de fenómenos en los cuales el todo es distinto del conjunto de las partes, en que todo reacciona sobre todo; de manera que, cuando se separa, se mutila y se acaban de formular las relaciones, éstas relaciones ya han cambiado.

Pongamos un ejemplo práctico, tal vez en algún momento en tu escuela hayas escuchado sobre las historias de vida, pero ¿Sabes en realidad en qué consisten las historias de vida? Las historias de vida como parte de la investigación cualitativa, plantea que la realidad es construida socialmente por medio de experiencias que bien podrían construirlas tú y la comunidad con la con que convives. Así de sencillo. Como una forma de preservar el legado de nuestra cultura. Lo que la puede enriquecer es buscar otras personas, figuras de influencia para nuestro sujeto inicial o primario que nos puedan ayudar a entender un contexto más amplio, de esta forma incluso podríamos identificar la situación como si fuera propia. La idea es encontrar el punto de encuentro entre las diversas historias de vida que puedan dar a una extracción de datos más fructífera.

Una parte muy importante en la investigación reside en la manera de cómo quieres abordar tus temas de investigación. Hay que planificarlo, hay que tener en cuenta siempre cuál es tu tema (es necesario que no pierdas de vista tu tema central, de otro modo te podrías perder a la hora de buscar información).

Al igual que a ti, la ética en los trabajos de investigación para mí es prioritarios. Exequiel Emanuel, (citado en Botto, 2011), propuso siete requerimientos básicos para evaluar aspectos éticos en las investigaciones; entre los cuales te recomiendo prestar mayor atención a: valor social (de que les sirve a las personas), validez científica (que siga un rigor científico), determinación de los sujetos que participarán en el estudio (ser selectivo para elegir sujetos que enriquezcan nuestro trabajo y respeto a los participantes potenciales o a los inscritos. (Dr. Carol Y. Irizarry Robles –directora y editora principal–, 2009)

Entonces con lo que ya vimos, ¿Qué podemos aprender? Que efectivamente la historia de vida puede ser un aliado de la posverdad; los pensamientos, las opiniones, los sentimientos que producen las personas están basadas en criterios individuales, aunque las mismas observaciones de la posverdad en las historias de vida pueden demostrarse, por medio de los análisis, nuevos elementos para la comprensión de datos en un cierto entorno.


ASALE, R.-. (s. f.). «Diccionario de la lengua española» – Edición del Tricentenario. Recuperado 12 de junio de 2019, de «Diccionario de la lengua española» – Edición del Tricentenario website:

Dra. Carol Y. Irizarry Robles (directora y Editora Principal), D. R. B. (2009, agosto 17). Revista Griot, Recuperado 12 de junio de 2019, de

José Fernando García, twitter: @jose_garciadiaz
Jessica Mireles, twitter: @Jessica_Mirest
Esmeralda Lizeth del Río, twitter:@esmedrg20
Diana Karen Jaime, twitter: @diana_karens
Abraham García, twitter: @abraham_gm1916
Luis Enrique Morales Flores, twitter: @LuisMoralFlores
Andrés Rubén Estrada Jáuregui, twitter: @Andrese244

Interview: What is the mutual dependence interviewer-researcher?*

Versión en español:


I am in the Qualitative Research class, so we are developing a very interesting and fun way to know, learn, and achieve to apply qualitative research techniques and, subsequently, #ShareKnowledge. I decided to work on interview technique, not only related with the teoretical part, but the practice. I want to share something new, and usefull.

According to Díaz-Bravo et al. (2013), there are three types of interviews:

  • Structured or focused interviews: where the questions are fixed in advance, with a certain order, has the advantage of systematization, which facilitates the classification and analysis. Its disadvantage is the lack of flexibility that involves the lack of adaptation to the subject being interviewed and a lesser depth in the analysis.
  • Semistructured interviews: present a greater degree of flexibility.
  • Unstructured interviews: they are more informal, more flexible and are planned in such a way that they can be adapted to the subjects and the conditions.

For me, in particular, I was interested in analyzing the standardized interviews so I started to analyze this topic and found a very complete article in the Bulletin of Sociological Methodology entitled Interviewer and Survey Researcher: Mutual Dependencies, of which -as contribution to this blog- I would highlight the way in which Johannes van der Zouwen (the author) talks about this “mutual dependence” between the interviewer and the researcher, when doing the research.

The relationship between both (researcher & interviewer) will begin at the moment in which the researcher needs to carry out the application of the questions that, subsequently, the interviewer must execute with subtlety and “objectivity” for the proper development of the research. On the one hand, the researcher must write the questions in such a way that both the interviewer and the interviewee can understand them without major problems and, if they were not, the interviewer can modify them, for a better understanding of the subject of study. This would generate data bad curated. In this case Zouwen (2006) proposes us to use the tool of the black box, which consists in reviewing the recording, either audio or video to detect how much the questions and answers were modified.

That is why I would like to highlight the relevance of a reciprocal relationship between the interviewer & researcher, since a large part of the results we will obtain in the research depends on this.

 I hope it has served you to consider it in your next application of an interview

What do you think about the mutual interviewer-researcher dependence? 

Leave me your comment.


Díaz-Bravo, L., Torruco-García, U., Martínez-Hernández, M., and Varela-Ruiz, M. (2013). The interview, flexible and dynamic resource, Research in Medical Education, 2 (7), 162-167,

van der Zouwen, J. (2006). Surveyor and Survey Researcher: Mutual Dependencies. Bulletin of Sociological Methodology / Bulletin of Méthodologie Sociologique, 89 (1), 49-64,

Diana Karen Jaime, twitter: @diana_karens
José Fernando García, twitter: @jose_garciadiaz
Jessica Mireles, twitter: @Jessica_Mirest
Esmeralda Lizeth del Río, twitter: @ esmedrg20
Abraham García, twitter: @ abraham_gm1916
Luis Enrique Morales Flores, twitter: @LuisMoralFlores

How are focus groups used in sociology and political science?*

Image: International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD)


A 2015 study by Jennifer Cyr published in the Sociological Methods & Research journal analyzed the use of focus groups in four of the leading journals in sociology and political science. This was the percentage of articles that applied focus groups from 2004 to 2013:

  • American Political Science Review – 0.47%
  • American Journal of Political Science – 0.34%
  • American Sociological Review – 0.72%
  • American Journal of Sociology – 1.42%

Focus groups are more common in sociology than in political science. Of all articles from January 2004 to July 2013, sociology journals published eight articles with focus groups; while in political science journals, four were published during the same period. The results show that this technique is little used in these disciplines, since the number of published articles that use focus groups is very small.

Source: Cyr, J. (2016). The Pitfalls and Promise of Focus Groups as a Data Collection Method. Sociological Methods & Research, 45(2), 231-259.


The articles published in these journals that applied focus groups have some transparency problems in their research, among them:

  • No article included the complete list of questions applied.
  • Five articles did not include the number of focus groups applied.
  • Three articles did not specify how many people participated in the focus groups.


We reviewed the last two issues of the aforementioned journals to identify how many articles had used focus groups. We discovered that none of the four journals used focus groups in the research published in their two most recent issues.


Cyr, J. (2016). The Pitfalls and Promise of Focus Groups as a Data Collection Method. Sociological Methods & Research, 45 (2), 231-259.


¿Qué tan grande es el Big Data?*

English versión:


Según un artículo de la revista Methodology, el big data se relaciona con la ciencia social computacional y tiene tres características. La primera es que implica una gran cantidad de datos de tal magnitud que las bases de datos convencionales no pueden manejar. La segunda es que cada vez es más importante desarrollar técnicas especializadas en el manejo de estos datos. La última característica es la simulación basada en agentes, algo que es muy popular en ciencias sociales.

La simulación basada en agentes es una forma innovadora de explorar los fenómenos sociales. Se trata de un método de investigación que nos permite tratar de manera sencilla la complejidad, la emergencia y la no-linealidad de los fenómenos sociales. La creación de estas técnicas, en especial las de re-muestreo y las de validación cruzada suelen ser útiles porque facilitan el procesamiento de datos para el investigador, quien evalúa los datos en un análisis estadístico y garantiza que sean independientes de la partición entre datos de entrenamiento y datos de prueba.

Para aclarar el concepto, el autor pregunta qué tan grande es el big data. Esto es una incógnita que se responde de forma muy subjetiva. Jhon Tukey definió “big data” como algo que no cabe en un dispositivo, pero es una respuesta muy subjetiva porque en el desarrollo de la tecnología hemos tenido muchos tipos de dispositivos, desde una cinta magnética en 1955 con una capacidad de 256 gigabytes hasta una USB de 2 Terabytes.

Aunque la medida del big data no sea exacta, podemos hacer un conteo del tamaño de los datos que se introducen. En el artículo hay un ejemplo: “los datos de rastreo de bucles de tráfico, también recopilados por Statistics Netherlands, producen 80 millones de registros por día. Un año de datos sería de aproximadamente 3 TB y solo cabría en un disco duro grande”. Esto nos da una idea del gran tamaño del big data.

Las ciencias sociales usan el big data porque la sociedad va dejando un mayor rastro digital que después es analizado para hacer inferencias sobre los comportamientos de las personas. El rastro digital en datos económicos pueden ser los mensajes de Facebook o Twitter, las listas de discusión en Internet, los teléfonos móviles, la ubicación, las llamadas, etc. Todos estos datos son recopilados para ser analizados.


Donoho, D. (2017). 50 Years of Data Science. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 26(4), 745-766.

Hox, J. J. (2017). Computational Social Science Methodology, Anyone? Methodology, 13(Supplement 1), 3-12.


How big is Big Data?*

Versión en español:

According to an article in Methodology, big data is related to computational social science and has three characteristics. The first is that it involves a large amount of data that conventional databases cannot handle. The second is that it is increasingly important to develop specialized techniques in the handling of this data. The last feature is agent-based simulation, something very popular in social sciences.

Agent-based simulation is an innovative way to explore social phenomena. It is a research method that allows us to easily deal with the complexity, emergence and non-linearity of social phenomena. The creation of these techniques, especially re-sampling techniques and cross-validation techniques, are useful because they facilitate data processing for the researcher, who evaluates the data in a statistical analysis and ensures that it is independent of the partition between training data and test data.

To clarify the concept, the author asks what the size of big data is. The answers can be subjective. For example, Jhon Tukey defined big data as something that does not fit in a device. This is, however, a very subjective answer, because in the development of technology we have had many types of storage devices, from a magnetic tape in 1955 with a capacity of 256 gigabytes to a 2 Terabyte USB.

Although the measurement of big data is not exact, we can count the size of the data that is entered. There is an example in the article: “traffic loop tracking data, also collected by Statistics Netherlands, produces 80 million records per day. One year of data would be about 3 TB and it would only fit on a large hard disk.” This gives us an idea of ​​the size of big data.

Social sciences use big data because society is leaving a larger digital trail that is later analyzed to make inferences about the behaviors of people. The digital trail in economic data can be Facebook or Twitter messages, discussion lists on the Internet, mobile phones, location, calls, etc. All this data is collected to be analyzed.


Donoho, D. (2017). 50 Years of Data Science. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 26(4), 745-766.

Hox, J. J. (2017). Computational Social Science Methodology, Anyone? Methodology, 13(Supplement 1), 3-12.


Desafíos a los que se enfrenta la etnografía*


English version, below

Este artículo retoma la llamada Ethnography by proxy y la define como el proceso de delegar algunas de las actividades del etnógrafo a los participantes en el entorno de la investigación. La autora expresa los desafíos que tiene esta técnica al aplicarla en un trabajo de campo y propone a la ethnography by proxy como una posible respuesta a estos retos (Plowman, 2017).

El primer desafío que cita el autor Hammersley (2006). Es que la etnografía se considera como un estudio de primera mano sobre lo que las personas dicen y hacen en diferentes contextos. También habla de la etnografía por internet, en ésta ya no se necesita la presencia del investigador, y la autora se pregunta si en verdad se necesita la presencia del etnógrafo o si esto es una visión desactualizada.

Otros desafíos son que el etnógrafo delimita las respuestas de los objetos de estudio, que los investigadores no siempre pueden acceder a aspectos clave de la vida de los observados, que el etnógrafo interpreta en sus notas de campo concepciones de acuerdo con su cultura, y que muchas veces los investigadores tienen temas específicos en los que desean hacer énfasis, pero estos temas no son relevantes para los investigados, lo que ocasiona que no expresen respuestas satisfactorias sobre los temas.

Una propuesta para solucionar el reto que se presenta cuando los investigadores tienen temas específicos en los que desean hacer énfasis, pero éstos no son de interés para las personas a estudiar, es realizar grupos de enfoque antes del estudio de campo. Sería una prueba previa (pretest) para acercarse a la cultura y así el investigador sabría qué temas son importantes para sus objetos de estudio.

El uso de grupos de enfoque como pretest se ha usado para probar preguntas en encuestas y entrevistas. Se pueden observar ejemplos de esto en los textos de (Read & Oselin, 2008) y (Gibson, 2004).

El uso de esta técnica también puede proveer al investigador nuevas ideas que no había considerado y que podría desarrollar con otros métodos, por ejemplo, la etnografía. Con los grupos de enfoque se pueden observar las similitudes y diferencias en las respuestas del grupo o también la interacción entre los miembros del grupo (Cyr, 2016).

Aplicar grupos de enfoque antes del estudio de campo permitiría al investigador escuchar e identificar los temas de interés de las personas que estudiará, en vez de asumir (con cierta superioridad académica) qué asuntos son importantes para ellos. Sería una forma de reducir la distancia entre el investigador y el objeto de estudio, lo que también facilitaría la realización de la etnografía.


Hammersley, M. (2006). Ethnography: problems and prospects: Ethnography and Education: Vol 1, No 1. Recuperado 2 de junio de 2019, de

Plowman, L. (2017). Revisiting ethnography by proxy. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20(5), 443-454.


Challenges faced by ethnography *

This article takes up the so-called ethnography by proxy and defines it as the process of delegating some of the activities of the ethnographer to the participants in the research environment. The author expresses the challenges that this technique has when applying it in a field work and proposes ethnography by proxy as a possible response to these challenges (Plowman, 2017).

The first challenge cited by author Hammersley (2006). Is that ethnography is considered as a first-hand study of what people say and do in different contexts. He also talks about ethnography on the Internet, in which the presence of the researcher is no longer needed, and the author asks if the presence of the ethnographer is really needed or if this is an outdated vision.

Other challenges are that the ethnographer delimits the answers of the objects of study, that the researchers can not always access key aspects of the life of the observed, that the ethnographer interprets in his field notes conceptions according to their culture, and that Researchers often have specific topics on which they wish to emphasize, but these issues are not relevant to the researched, which causes them not to express satisfactory answers on the topics.

A proposal to solve the challenge that arises when researchers have specific topics in which they wish to emphasize, but these are not of interest for people to study, is to make focus groups before the field study. It would be a previous test (pretest) to approach the culture and so the researcher would know what topics are important for their objects of study.

The use of focus groups as a pretest has been used to test questions in surveys and interviews. Examples of this can be seen in the texts of (Read & Oselin, 2008) and (Gibson, 2004).

The use of this technique can also provide the researcher with new ideas that he had not considered and could develop with other methods, for example, ethnography. With the focus groups you can observe the similarities and differences in the group’s responses or also the interaction between the members of the group (Cyr, 2016).

Applying focus groups before the field study would allow the researcher to listen and identify the topics of interest of the people they will study, instead of assuming (with a certain academic superiority) what issues are important to them. It would be a way to reduce the distance between the researcher and the object of study, which would also facilitate the realization of ethnography.


Hammersley, M. (2006). Ethnography: problems and prospects: Ethnography and Education: Vol 1, No 1. Recuperado 2 de junio de 2019, de

Plowman, L. (2017). Revisiting ethnography by proxy. International Journal of Social Research Methodology20(5), 443-454.


Recorded interview: proposal for better dissemination*

Spanish versión:


The interview as a research technique has been a tool to obtain information through a communicative process (Estrada, s.f.), where the questions must be very well planned to obtain the data that is sought.

But after the interview, what’s next?

How do we know that the data shown in an investigation is true? The Health Plus project proposal was to record and interview about the importance of counseling on the well-being of patients.

The recorded interviews were reproduced in a national conference, achieving better dissemination and greater acceptance among people outside the investigation. (Greasley, 2006)

The final result was favorable for the Health Plus project, which motivated the qualitative research to carry out this practice. However, an interview can be harm to the purity of the data; the interviewed may feel intimidated or exposed, and their answers could change.

A proposal to prevent an interviewed from changing his answers is to consider the modifications in the audio and the image so that you remain anonymous and the information can be disseminated with your authorization.

Making recorded interviews helps more people to know the results of an investigation (Estrada, s.f.) and also helps to transform a qualitative research technique.


Estrada, R. E. L. (s. f.). La entrevista cualitativa como técnica para la investigación en Trabajo Social. 19.

Greasley, P. (2006). Filming Patient Interviews to Demonstrate the Value of Welfare Advice in General Practice: A Strategy for the Dissemination of Project Outcomes. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 9(3), 245-253.

Alan Colín, twitter: @Alan__colin
Isabel Colin, twitter: @ORuusu
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