Tag Archives: DNazol

DNA Isolation – Oly gDNA for BS-seq

Need DNA to prep our own libraries for bisulfite-treated high-throughput sequencing (BS-seq).

Isolated gDNA from the following tissue samples stored in RNAlater (tissue was not weighed) using DNAzol:

2NF1
2NF2
2NF3
2NF4
2NF5
2NF6
2NF7
2NF8
1NF11
1NF12
1NF13
1NF14
1NF15
1NF16
1NF17
1NF18

The sample coding breaks down as follows (see the project wiki for a full explanation):

2NF#

2 = Oysters outplanted in Fidalgo Bay

NF = Broodstock originated in Fidalgo Bay

= Sample number

1NF#

1 = Oysters outplanted in Oyster Bay

NF = Broodstock originated in Fidalgo Bay

= Sample number

 

DNA was isolated in the following manner:

  • Homogenized tissues in 500μL of DNAzol (Molecular Research Center; MRC).
  • Added additional 500μL of DNAzol.
  • Added 10μL of RNase A (10mg/mL, ThermoFisher); incubated 10mins @ RT.
  • Added 300μL of chloroform and mixed moderately fast by hand.
  • Incubated 5mins @ RT.
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, RT.
  • Transferred aqueous phase to clean tube.
  • Added 500μL of 100% EtOH and mixed by inversion.
  • Pelleted DNA 5,000g, 5mins @ RT.
  • Performed 3 washes w/70% EtOH.
  • Dried pellet 3mins.
  • Resuspended in 100μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen).
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, RT to pellet insoluble material.
  • Transferred supe to clean tube.

The samples were quantified using the Qubit dsDNA BR reagents (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s protocol and used 1μL of sample for measurement.

Results:

Qubit data (Google Sheet): 20151216_Oly_gDNA_qubit_quants

SAMPLE CONCENTRATION (ng/μL)
2NF1 76.4
2NF2 175
2NF3 690
2NF4 11.7
2NF5 142
2NF6 244
2NF7 25
2NF8 456
1NF11 182
1NF12 432
1NF13 155
1NF14 21
1NF15 244
1NF16 112
1NF17 25.2
1NF18 278

 

Will run samples on gel tomorrow to evaluate gDNA integrity.

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DNA Isolation – Olympia Oyster Outer Mantle gDNA

Isolated additional gDNA for the genome sequencing. To try to improve the quality (260/280 & 260/230 ratios) of the gDNA, I added a chloroform step after the initial tissue homogenization.

Used 123mg of Ostrea lurida outer mantle collected by Brent & Steven on 20150812.

  • Homogenized in 500μL of DNAzol.
  • Added additional 500μL of DNAzol.
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, @ RT.
  • Split supernatant equally into two tubes.
  • Added 500μL of chloroform and mixed moderately fast by hand.
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, RT.
  • Combined aqueous phases from both tubes in a clean tube.
  • Added 500μL of 100% EtOH and mixed by inversion.
  • Spooled precipitated gDNA and transferred to clean tube.
  • Performed 3 washes w/70% EtOH.
  • Dried pellet 3mins.
  • Resuspended in 200μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen).
  • Centrifuged 10,000g, 5mins, RT to pellet insoluble material.
  • Transferred supe to clean tube.

DNA was quantified using two methods: NanoDrop1000 & Qubit 3.0 (ThermoFisher).

For the Qubit, the samples were quantified using the Qubit dsDNA BR reagents (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s protocol and used 1μL of sample for measurement.

Results:

Qubit Data (Google Sheet): 20151125_qubit_gDNA_geoduck_oly_quants

METHOD CONCENTRATION (ng/μL) TOTAL (μg)
Qubit 137 27.4
NanoDrop1000 295 59.0

 

Yield is solid. We should finally have sufficient quantities of gDNA to allow for BGI to proceed with the rest of the genome sequencing! Will run sample on gel to evaluate integrity and then send off to BGI.

The NanoDrop & Qubit numbers still aren’t close (as expected).

The addition of the chloroform step definitely helped improve the 260/280 OD ratio (see below). However, the addition of that step had no noticeable impact on the 260/230 OD ratios, which is a bit disappointing.

 

NanoDrop Absorbance Values & Plots

 

 

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DNA Isolation – Geoduck Ctenidia gDNA

Isolated additional gDNA for the genome sequencing. In an attempt to obtain better yields, I used ctenidia (instead of adductor muscle). Additionally, to try to improve the quality (260/280 & 260/230 ratios) of the gDNA, I added a chloroform step after the initial tissue homogenization.

Used 190mg of Panopea generosa ctenidia collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811.

  • Homogenized in 500μL of DNAzol.
  • Added additional 500μL of DNAzol.
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, @ RT.
  • Split supernatant equally into two tubes.
  • Added 500μL of chloroform and mixed moderately fast by hand.
  • Centrifuged 12,000g, 10mins, RT.
  • Combined aqueous phases from both tubes in a clean tube.
  • Added 500μL of 100% EtOH and mixed by inversion.
  • Spooled precipitated gDNA and transferred to clean tube.
  • Performed 3 washes w/70% EtOH.
  • Dried pellet 3mins.
  • Resuspended in 200μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen).
  • Centrifuged 10,000g, 5mins, RT to pellet insoluble material.
  • Transferred supe to clean tube.

DNA was quantified using two methods: NanoDrop1000 & Qubit 3.0 (ThermoFisher).

For the Qubit, the samples were quantified using the Qubit dsDNA BR reagents (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s protocol and used 1μL of sample for measurement.

Results:

Qubit Data (Google Sheet): 20151125_qubit_gDNA_geoduck_oly_quants

METHOD CONCENTRATION (ng/μL) TOTAL (μg)
Qubit 105 21.0
NanoDrop1000 173 34.6

 

Yield is definitely much, much better than adductor muscle! Should’ve switched to a different tissue a long time ago! We should finally have sufficient quantities of gDNA to allow for BGI to proceed with the rest of the genome sequencing! Will run sample on gel to evaluate integrity and then send off to BGI.

The NanoDrop & Qubit numbers still aren’t close (as expected).

The addition of the chloroform step definitely helped improve the 260/280 OD ratio (see below). However, the addition of that step had no noticeable impact on the 260/230 OD ratios, which is a bit disappointing.

 

NanoDrop Absorbance Values & Plots

 

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gDNA Isolation – Geoduck Adductor Muscle

My isolation on Friday didn’t yield a sufficient quantity of gDNA for the additional DNA needed for the geoduck genome sequencing project. Used two adductor muscles (Box 1) samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811.

Tissue weights:

  • Geoduck adductor 1: 433mg (gone)
  • Geoduck adductor 2: 457.4mg (gone)

 

Samples were isolated using DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

 

  • Tissues homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tubes to 960μL with DNAzol, added 40μL RNAse A (100mg/mL) and incubated @ RT for 15mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellets were resuspended Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tubes

NOTE: Both samples produced a stark white, “cottony” precipitate after the addition of the ethanol. This precipitate was transferred to a clean tube and processed in the same fashion.

 

Resuspension volumes

Adductor 1:  200μL

Adductor 2: 50μL

Adductor 1 & 2 fluff: 500μL each

 

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000.

Results:

 

NOTE: The sample labeled “gDNA geoduck adductor 1″ is actually adductor 2. The sample labeled “gDNA geoduck adductor 1{1} is actually adductor 1. However, this is probably moot since these two samples will be pooled shortly.

I’m not going to speculate why there’re weird peaks at 240nm…

The two “fluff” samples aren’t good (extremely high 260/280 ratios, very low 260/230 ratios, and weird peak at 240nm). Not sure what the fluff is that precipitated out with the EtOH addition. Will discard them.

The two normal samples look fine. Will use them for pooling.

Yields

Adductor 1: 52.2μg

Adductor 2: 8.25μg

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DNA Isolation – Geoduck & Olympia Oyster

Amazingly, we need more gDNA for the two genome sequencing projects (geoduck and Olympia oyster). Used geoduck “foot 1″ sample from Box 1 of the foot samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811. Used Olympia oyster adductor muscle from Box 1 of adductor muscle sample collected by Brent & Steven on 20150812.

Also need to evaluate DNA quality of initial broodstock samples from Jake’s Olympia oyster reciprocal transplant experiment. Used mantle samples stored in EtOH collected by Hannah (see her notebook entries on July 25 & Sept 5, 2013)

Tissue weights:

  • Geoduck foot: 108.5mg (gone)
  • Olympia oyster adductor: 258.7mg (gone)
  • Oly NF1A: 7.1mg (gone)
  • Oly SN49A: 20.8mg

 

Samples were isolated using DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

 

  • Tissues homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tubes to 960μL with DNAzol, added 40μL RNAse A (100mg/mL) and incubated @ RT for 15mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellets were resuspended Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tubes

 

Genome sequencing resuspension volumes: 50μL

Oly reciprocoal resuspension volumes: 25μL

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000.

Results:

 

Genome Sequencing Samples

The 260/280 ratios look fine. The 260/230 ratios look poor, as is usually the case after DNAzol isolations.

Yields:

Geoduck: 7.6μg

Oly: 16.5μg

The geoduck yield is insufficient to make up the quantity of gDNA still needed by BGI for sequencing. Will have to isolate more gDNA on Monday.

 

Reciprocal Transplant Samples

The 260/280 ratios look fine. The 260/230 ratios look poor, as is usually the case after DNAzol isolations.

Yields:

NF1A: 7,1μg

SN49A: 1.375μg

The yields are surprisingly good! Next up is to evaluate the gDNA quality on a gel to see if the samples from this experiment will be usable.

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Geoduck Adductor Muscle & Foot

Just need a tad bit more gDNA for the geoduck genome sequencing project with BGI. Currently have ~69 and need a minimum of 73μg.

Isolated gDNA from Panopea generosa (geoduck) adductor muscle & foot samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811 using the DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 124.4mg of adductor muscle 1
  • Tissue homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tube to 1000μL with DNAzol and incubated @ RT for 10mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellet was resuspended in 400μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tube

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing next week.

 

Results:

 

 

There was a great deal of insoluble material from the get-go that was carried through the entire isolation.

Overall, the 260/280 ratio looks pretty good, but the 260/230 ratio is just trash. As can be seen in the plots above, there is clearly significant absorbance in the 230 – 250nm, suggesting some contaminant carryover (phenol/salt).

Will assess gDNA integrity on a gel.

 

Yield of geoduck gDNA from this isolation: ~48μg

Total accumulated geoduck gDNA for this project: ~117μg

Great! Have sufficient gDNA to send to BGI (minimum of 73μg needed). Assuming gDNA integrity looks good on a gel, I will pool samples tomorrow, quantify the pooled gDNA and prepare for submission.

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Olympia oyster adductor musle & mantle

Isolated gDNA from Ostrea lurida (Olympia oyster) adductor muscle & mantle samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150812 using DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 73.5mg of adductor muscle
  • 146mg of mantle
  • Tissues homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tubes to 1000μL with DNAzol and incubated @ RT for 10mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellets were resuspended in 200μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tubes

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing.

 

Results:

 

 

There was a great deal of insoluble material from the get-go that was carried through the entire isolation.

Overall, the 260/280 ratios look pretty good, but the 260/230 ratios are just trash. As can be seen in the plots above, there is clearly significant absorbance in the 230 – 250nm, suggesting some contaminant carryover (phenol/salt).

Will evaluate gDNA integrity on agarose gel.

 

Yields from this isolation:

Adductor muscle: 18.75μg

Mantle: 15.9μg

 

Total Olympia oyster gDNA from this isolation: 34.65μg

 

Total Olympia oyster gDNA accumulated for this project: 88.75μg

 

Great! Have sufficient gDNA to send to BGI (minimum of 73μg needed). Assuming gDNA integrity looks good on a gel, I will pool samples tomorrow, quantify the pooled gDNA and prepare for submission.

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Geoduck Adductor Muscle & Foot

Isolated gDNA from Panopea generosa (geoduck) adductor muscle & foot samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811 using the DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 102.5mg of adductor muscle 1
  • 76.7mg of adductor muscle 2
  • 84.2mg of foot 1
  • 54.5mg of foot 2
  • Tissues homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tubes to 1000μL with DNAzol and incubated @ RT for 10mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellets were resuspended in 200μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tubes

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing next week.

 

Results:

 

 

There was a great deal of insoluble material from the get-go that was carried through the entire isolation.

Overall, the 260/280 ratios look pretty good, but the 260/230 ratios are just trash. As can be seen in the plots above, there is clearly significant absorbance in the 230 – 250nm, suggesting some contaminant carryover (phenol/salt).

Will evaluate gDNA integrity on agarose gel.

Yields from this isolation:

Adductor muscle 1: 11.03μg

Adductor muscle 2: 1.95μg

Foot 1: 4.6μg

Foot 2: 1.64μg

 

Total geoduck gDNA from this isolation: 19.2μg

 

Total geoduck gDNA accumulated for this project: 69μg

Still need an additional 4μg at a minimum! Will isolate more gDNA tomorrow…

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Geoduck Adductor Muscle & Foot

Previously isolated gDNA from these tissues on 20150828. However, found out after the isolations that BGI needs >73μg of gDNA for the genome sequencing project, which is significantly more than I obtained previously.

Isolated gDNA from Panopea generosa (geoduck) adductor muscle & foot samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811 using the DNAzol (Molecular Research Center) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 58.8mg of adductor muscle 1
  • 84.0mg of adductor muscle 2
  • 70.3mg of foot 1
  • 95.1mg of foot 2
  • Tissues homogenized in 750μL of DNAzol with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using 10 pestle strokes
  • After homogenization, topped off tubes to 1000μL with DNAzol and incubated @ RT for 10mins.
  • Performed optional centrifugation step (10,000g, 10mins @ RT)
  • Initial pellet wash was performed using a 70%/30% DNAzol/EtOH
  • Pellets were resuspended in 200μL of Buffer EB (Qiagen)
  • Insoluble material was pelleted (12,000g, 10mins @ RT) and supe transferred to new tubes

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing next week.

 

Results:

 

There was a great deal of insoluble material from the get-go that was carried through the entire isolation.

Overall, the 260/280 ratios look pretty good, but the 260/230 ratios are just trash. As can be seen in the plots above, there is clearly significant absorbance in the 230 – 250nm, suggesting some contaminant carryover (phenol/salt). Oddly, the side-by-side isolations from two different collections of the same tissue type yielded drastically different quantities of gDNA than each other.

Will evaluate gDNA integrity on agarose gel.

Total yield from this isolation is still far below the minimum quantity of gDNA needed for the sequencing project. Will need to perform another round of gDNA isolation.

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DNA Isolation – Claire’s C.gigas Female Gonad for Illumina Bisulfite Sequencing

Due to poor “tag counts” from the initial sequencing (DATE) and the re-sequencing (20131127) of this sample, the HTGU facility has concluded that the library is probably at fault. They will make a new library and do a quality control run on the new library. However, they have insufficient gDNA left to make a new library.

Isolated gDNA from Claire’s sample following the DNAzol protocol.

Transferred ~300uL of female C.gigas gonad from the source tube (ethanol-preserved) to a clean tube. Pelleted gonadal material by spinning 10,000g, 30seconds, @ RT. Decanted residual ethanol. Resuspended tissue in 500uL of DNAzol + 100ug of Proteinase K (Fermentas; 18.5mg/mL). Incubated on a rotator for ~6hrs. Proceeded according to DNAzol protocol. Resuspended final pellet in 100uL of Elution Buffer (Qiagen; EB). After resuspension, pelleted remaining debris 16,000g, 30seconds, @ RT. Transferred supernatant to clean tube and quantified on NanoDrop 1000.

CgF – 403.2ng/uL

Will bring tube to sequencing facility tomorrow morning.

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