Tag Archives: E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit

DNA Isolation – Geoduck gDNA for Illumina-initiated Sequencing Project

We were previously approached by Cindy Lawley (Illumina Market Development) for possible participation in an Illumina product development project, in which they wanted to have some geoduck tissue and DNA on-hand in case Illumina green-lighted the use of geoduck for testing out the new sequencing platform on non-model organisms. Well, guess what, Illumina has give the green light for sequencing our geoduck! However, they need at least 4μg of gDNA, so I’m isolating more.

Isolated DNA from ctenidia tissue from the same Panopea generosa individual used for the BGI sequencing efforts. Tissue was collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811.

Used the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega) to isolate DNA from five separate ~60mg pieces of ctenidia tissue according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following changes:

  • Samples were homogenized with plastic, disposable pestle in 350μL of ML1 Buffer
  • Incubated homogenate at 60C for 1hr
  • No optional steps were used
  • Performed three rounds of 24:1 chloroform:IAA treatment
  • Eluted each in 50μL of Elution Buffer and pooled into a single sample

Quantified the DNA using the Qubit dsDNA BR Kit (Invitrogen). Used 1μL of DNA sample.

Concentration = 162ng/μL (Quant data is here [Google Sheet]: 20170105_gDNA_geoduck_qubit_quant

Yield is great (total = ~32μg).

Evaluated gDNA quality (i.e. integrity) by running 162ng (1μL) of sample on 0.8% agarose, low-TAE gel stained with ethidium bromide.

Used 5μL of O’GeneRuler DNA Ladder Mix (ThermoFisher).

 

Results:

 

 

DNA looks good: bright high molecular weight band, minimal smearing, and minimal RNA carryover (seen as more intense “smear” at ~500bp).

Will send off 10μg (they only requested 4μg) so that they have extra to work with in case they come across any issues.

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DNA Isolation – Geoduck gDNA for Potential Illumina-initiated Sequencing Project

We were approached by Cindy Lawley (Illumina Market Development) yesterday to see if we’d be able to participate in some product development. We agreed and need some geoduck DNA to send them, in case she’s able to get our species greenlighted for use.

Isolated DNA from ctenidia tissue from the same Panopea generosa individual used for the BGI sequencing efforts. Tissue was collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811.

Used the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega) to isolate DNA from two separate 50mg pieces of ctenidia tissue according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following changes:

  • Samples were homogenized with plastic, disposable pestle in 350μL of ML1 Buffer
  • Incubated homogenate at 60C for 1hr
  • No optional steps were used
  • Performed three rounds of 24:1 chloroform:IAA treatment
  • Eluted each in 50μL of Elution Buffer and pooled into a single sample

Quantified the DNA using the Qubit dsDNA BR Kit (Invitrogen). Used 1μL of DNA sample.

Concentration = 19.4ng/μL (Quant data is here [Google Sheet]: 20161221_gDNA_qubit_quant

Yield is low (~1.8μg), but have enough to satisfy the minimum of 1μg requested by Cindy Lawley.

Evaluated gDNA quality (i.e. integrity) by running ~250ng (12.5μL) of sample on 0.8% agarose, low-TAE gel stained with ethidium bromide.

Used 5μL of O’GeneRuler DNA Ladder Mix (ThermoFisher).

 

Results:

 

 

 

 

Overall, the sample looks good. Strong, high molecular weight band is present with minimal smearing. However, there is a smear in the ~500bp range. This is most likely residual RNA. This is surprsing since the E.Z.N.A Mollusc Kit includes n RNase step. Regardless, having intact, high molecular weight DNA is the important part for this project. Will prepare to send remainder (~1.5μg) of geoduck to Illumina with other requested samples.

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DNA Isolation – Ostrea lurida DNA for PacBio Sequencing

In an attempt to improve upon the partial genome assembly we received from BGI, we will be sending DNA to the UW PacBio core facility for additional sequencing.

Isolated DNA from mantle tissue from the same Ostrea lurida individual used for the BGI sequencing efforts. Tissue was collected by Brent & Steven on 20150812.

Used the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega) to isolate DNA from two separate 50mg pieces of mantle tissue according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following changes:

  • Samples were homogenized with plastic, disposable pestle in 350μL of ML1 Buffer
  • Incubated homogenate at 60C for 1.5hrs
  • No optional steps were used
  • Performed three rounds of 24:1 chloroform:IAA treatment
  • Eluted each in 50μL of Elution Buffer and pooled into a single sample

Quantified the DNA using the Qubit dsDNA BR Kit (Invitrogen). Used 1μL of DNA sample.

Concentration = 326ng/μL (Quant data is here [Google Sheet]: 20161214_gDNA_Olurida_qubit_quant

Yield is good and we have more than enough (~5μg is required for sequencing) to proceed with sequencing.

Evaluated gDNA quality (i.e. integrity) by running ~500ng (1.5μL) of sample on 0.8% agarose, low-TAE gel stained with ethidium bromide.

Used 5μL of O’GeneRuler DNA Ladder Mix (ThermoFisher).

Results:

 

 

Overall, the gel looks OK. A fair amount of smearing, but a strong, high molecular weight band is present. The intensity of the smearing is likely due to the fact that the gel is overloaded for this particular well size. If I had used a broader comb and/or loaded less DNA, the band would be more defined and the smearing would be less prominent.

Will submit sample to the UW PacBio facility tomorrow!

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DNA Isolation – Olympia Oyster Outer Mantle gDNA

Since we still don’t have sufficient gDNA for the full scope of the Olympia oyster genome sequencing, I isolated more gDNA.

Isolated gDNA from 118mg outer mantle tissue collected by Steven & Brent on 20150812.

Tissue was thoroughly minced with a clean razor blade and then processed with the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega BioTek) with the following changes:

  • Doubled solution volumes for steps before sample was loaded on columns
  • Sample was split equally in two tubes prior to addition of 100% EtOH
  • All mixing was done by shaking – no vortexing! Done this way to, hopefully, maintain gDNA integrity
  • Elution volume = 50μL
  • Elution was repeated using the initial elution to maximize recovery while maintaining low sample volume.
  • The two preps were pooled – final volume = 79μL

DNA was quantified using two methods: NanoDrop1000 & QuantIT dsDNA BR Kit

For the Quant-IT kit, the samples were quantified using the QuantIT dsDNA BR Kit (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s protocol.

Standards were run in triplicate, samples were run in duplicate.

96-well black (opaque) plate was used.

Fluorescence was measured on the Seeb Lab’s Victor 1420 plate reader (Perkin Elmer).

Results:

METHOD CONCENTRATION (ng/μL) VOLUME (μL) YIELD (ng)
NanoDrop1000 552.53 79 43,650
Quant-IT 219.07 79 17,307

 

The NanoDrop1000 overestimates the concentration of the sample by 2.5x!

Regardless, this is a solid yield and, when combined with the other Ostrea lurida gDNA that I cleaned up today, should push the total amount of gDNA submitted to BGI over the required threshold.

Will evaluate gDNA quality on a gel.

Fluorescence (Google Sheet): 20151124_geoduck_oly_gDNA_quants

 

NanoDrop1000 Measurements and Plots

 

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DNA Isolations – Oly Fidalgo 2SN Ctenidia

Isolated DNA from 24 2SN ctenidia samples from Friday’s sampling (#32 – 55). Samples were thawed at RT.

DNA was isolated using the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega BioTek) according to the manufacturer’s protocol with the following changes:

  • Samples were incubated @ 60C for only 1hr, per Steven’s recommendation (an attempt to prevent degradation)
  • No optional steps were performed
  • Used 300μL of MBL Buffer for all samples (this was more than the recovered volume of aqueous phase from each sample)
  • Single elution of 50μL

Samples were stored @ -20C in: Oly gDNA Oly Reciprocal Transplant Final Sampling Box #1.

Some notes:

  • Total time (including 1hr incubation): 4.5hrs.
  • Short incubation time did not completely digest samples
  • Partial tissue digestions led to difficulties in recovering entire aqueous phase, post chloroform treatment

 

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Oyster Sampling – Oly Fidalgo 2SN, 2HL, 2NF Reciprocal Transplants Final Samplings

The remaining Olympia oysters from Jake Heare’s reciprocal transplant experiment have been retrieved from field sites and are awaiting sampling. The oysters have been stored in the cold room (temp?) for 15 days so far.

The previous sampling scheme was described here: DNA Isolations – Fidalgo 2SN Reciprocal Transplants Final Samplings

Sampling scheme for today was as follows:

  1. Assign unique number to oysters (1-100 for each of the three populations)
  2. Photograph with ruler for future shell measurements
  3. Weigh oysters
  4. Dissect ctenidia for DNA isolation in 350μL MBL1 Buffer + 25μL Proteinase K (reagents part of the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit [Omega BioTek)
  5. Preserve portion of remaining body tissue (not viscera; gonad/digestive gland) in 1mL RNAlater (Life Technologies)

Ctenidia samples were stored -80C in the buffer/pro k solution for DNA isolation at a later date.

RNAlater samples will be stored over the weekend at 4C and then transferred to -20C for long term storage.

All oyster data is here (Google Sheet): Oly reciprocal final sampling

All photos from today’s sampling are here: Oyster Measurement Photos

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DNA Isolations – Fidalgo 2SN Reciprocal Transplants Final Samplings

The remaining Olympia oysters from Jake Heare’s reciprocal transplant experiment have been retrieved from field sites and are awaiting sampling. The oysters have been stored in the cold room (temp?) for 6 days so far.

Sampling scheme is as follows:

  1. Assign unique number to oysters
  2. Photograph with ruler for future shell measurements
  3. Weigh oysters
  4. Dissect ctenidia for DNA isolation
  5. Dissect & discard viscera (e.g. digestive gland and gonad)
  6. Weigh remaining body
  7. Preserve remaining body in RNAlater
  8. Weigh empty shells


Mrunmayee photographed & initiated dissections of oysters #3 – 8
. I took over for oyster #9 -14.

All oyster data is here (Google Sheet): Oly reciprocal final sampling

DNA was isolated using the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc Kit (Omega Biotek) according to the manufacturer’s protocol with the following changes:

  • No optional steps were performed
  • Ctenidia tissue was lysed for 3hrs @ 60C
  • Single elution of 50μL

Samples were stored @ -20C in: Oly gDNA Oly Reciprocal Transplant Final Sampling Box #1.

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DNA Isolation – Olympia oyster whole body

Continued the extractions that Steven began yesterday and this morning using the E.Z.N.A. Mollusc DNA Kit (Omega Bio-Tek) after the RNase treatment @ 70C.

  • Samples were cooled to RT (~10mins)
  • Added 300μL of 100% EtOH to each (equivalent to the volume of aqueous phase Steven recovered from each sample)
  • Followed manufacturer’s protocol
  • Eluted all samples with 50μL of Elution Buffer
  • Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000

 

Results:

 

 

 

DNA looks absolutely pristine and has amazing yields.

Will check gDNA integrity via agarose gel tomorrow.

Data has been entered into the master spreadsheet for this project: Ostrea lurida Project Master Tissue Sample List

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Olympia oyster adductor musle & mantle

Isolated gDNA from Ostrea lurida (Olympia oyster) adductor muscle & mantle samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150812 using the E.Z.N.A Mollusc DNA Kit (Omega Bio-Tek) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 29.8mg of adductor muscle
  • 28.7mg of mantle
  • Tissues homogenized in 350μL of ML1 Buffer with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using only three pestles strokes
  • Homogenized tissue incubated in ML1 Buffer + Proteinase K @ 60C for 2.5hrs
  • Added 310μL of MBL Buffer to adductor muscle sample and 265μL of MBL Buffer to mantle sample
  • Added 620μL of 100% EtOH and 530μL of 100% EtOH to the adductor muscle and mantle sample, respectively.
  • Eluted with 50μL Elution Buffer.

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing.

 

Results:

 

 

 

Yields are good (~6μg for the adductor muscle and ~10μg for the mantle).

The adductor muscle sample looks pretty good (perfect 260/280 ratio and solid 260/230 ratio), while the mantle sample looks OK (good 260/280 ratio, tolerable 260/230 ratio). Will run samples on gel to assess gDNA integrity.

 

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Genomic DNA Isolation – Geoduck Adductor Muscle & Foot

Isolated gDNA from Panopea generosa (geoduck) adductor muscle & foot samples collected by Brent & Steven on 20150811 using the E.Z.N.A Mollusc DNA Kit (Omega Bio-Tek) according to the manufacturer’s protocol, with the following adjustments:

  • 41.8mg of adductor muscle
  • 30.0mg of foot used
  • Tissues homogenized in 350μL of ML1 Buffer with disposable mortar/pestle tubes using only three pestles strokes
  • Homogenized tissue incubated in ML1 Buffer + Proteinase K @ 60C for 2.5hrs
  • Added 265μL of MBL Buffer
  • Added 514μL of 100% EtOH.
  • Eluted with 75μL Elution Buffer.

Spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and stored temporarily at 4C to avoid freeze-thawing before sending off for sequencing next week.

 

Results:

 

 

 

Yields are good (~7ug).

Quality (260/280 ratios) looks great for both samples.

260/230 ratio not very good for adductor muscle, but perfect for foot tissue.

Will run samples on gel to assess gDNA integrity.

 

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