Tag Archives: Haliotis cracherodii

qPCR – WSN1 & RLOv DNA helicase on Black Abalone 2nd Experiment 08:13 Accessions

Ran WSN1 and RLOv DNA helicase qPCRs on the black abalone DNA I extracted yesterday to assess whether or not these samples are RLO+/- and RLOv+/-. According to Carolyn (and this spreadsheet), they should all be RLO+/RLOv-, which is what I need in order to proceed with testing samples with the XenoCal prophage portal primers.

WSN1 Master Mix Calcs (Google Sheet): 20150330 – qPCR Black Ab 08:13 WSN1 Check

RLOv DNA Helicase Master Mix Calcs (Google Sheet): 20160330 – qPCR Black Ab 08:13 RLOv check

All samples were run in duplicate.

Plate layout, cycling params, etc. are in the qPCR Report (see Results section below).

RLOv DNA helicase standard curve from 20151224.

WSN p18RK7 standard curve from 20160316.

Baseline thresholds were set to the following values for each assay (RLOv threshold determined by me on 20160128; WSN1 threshold determined by Lisa):

RLOv DNA helicase: 580.5

WSN1: 580

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2016-03-30 10-00-07_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX96): Sam_2016-03-30 10-00-07_CC009827.pcrd

All samples are RLO+/RLOv-. This is great and can proceed with checking them with the XenoCal prophage portal primers.

 

RLOv DNA Helicase Standard Curve

 

RLOv DNA Helicase Amplification (Green = Std Cuve, Blue = Samples)

 

 

WSN1 Standard Curve

 

WSN1 Amplification (Blue = Standard Curve, Black = Samples)

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DNA Isolation – Black Abalone 2nd Experiment 08:13 Accessions

Oddly, I was unable to find any DNA for the 08:13 samples that should have been previously qPCR’d for RLO.

Instead, I tracked down the EtOH-preserved digestive gland (DG) tissues from when these were initially sampled. The box contained both of the “QPCR” tissue samples, however, many of them had dried out. This fact had already been denoted on the outside of the box and on the tubes.

Finding these samples is a bit strange. It’s odd because if someone had performed qPCR analysis on these 08:13 samples, the DNA should’ve come from either of the two “QPCR” tissue samples; but, looking at the vials, it seems like no tissue has been removed from any of the tubes…

Additionally, despite the fact that the spreadsheet Carolyn provided me with the other day indicating that the 08:13 samples are from the 2nd black abalone experiment, the label on this box indicates that these are from the 1st black abalone experiment… Despite this, I’m fairly certain these are indeed from Experiment 2, as these accession numbers have never been brought up before in any of Lisa’s extensive work on the 1st black abalone experiment.

I extracted DNA using the QIAmp Fast DNA Stool Mini Kit (Qiagen) from the following samples. DNA was eluted with 100μL of Buffer ATE and quantified on the Roberts Lab Qubit3.0 (ThermoFisher) using 1μL.

ACCESSION
08:13-2
08:13-3
08:13-4
08:13-5
08:13-6
08:13-7
08:13-11
08:13-12
08:13-13
08:13-14
08:13-16
08:13-17

Results:

Google Sheet: 20160329_DNA_isolation_08:13_subset

Will run qPCRs (WSN1, RLOv DNA helicase, and XenoCal prophage portal) on these samples tomorrow.

DNA has been stored in an existing box in the full-sized -20C freezer in FSH240 and the label on the box has been updated to include these samples.

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Sample ID – RLO+/RLOv- Samples for XenoCal Prophage Portal qPCRs

Earlier today I identified a bunch of samples that will be used to test out the XenoCal prophage portal primers to see if it’s present in the withering syndrome bacteria (RLO) or in the wither syndrome phage (RLOv). However, my search showed that we didn’t have sufficient samples that were RLO+/RLOv-.

I contacted Carolyn and she provided me with a spreadsheet summarizing the 2nd black abalone withering syndrome challenge. This data has samples that are known to be RLO+ (via qPCR – data is in spreadsheet) and should be RLOv- (will have to verify via qPCR before proceeding).

Google Sheet: MAIN data summary- black abalone 2nd study Nov  19 2012 for stats with question re trial 2 slides

It looks like the 08:13 accessions are all RLO+. I will track down these samples and verify they are RLOv- before proceeding with the XenoCal prophage portal qPCRs.

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qPCR – Black Abalone DNA with Varying Levels of RLO/RLOv

Carolyn & Stan Langevin have agreed that the DNA helicase qPCR should be tested on 10 black abalone DNA extractions that fall into multiple levels of the Friedman Lab’s withering syndrome histology scoring.

Earlier today I identified samples at three different histology scoring levels of RLO: 0, 1, & 2.

Here’s the list of samples that will be qPCR’d. There were only eight samples that had histology scores of 2 in both PE and Dg.

RLO/RLOv 0 RLO/RLOv 1 RLO/RLOv 2
06:5-18 06:5-35 06:5-31
06:5-30 06:6-32 06:5-32B
06:50-04 06:6-39 06:6-46
06:50-05 06:6-42 06:6-49
07:12-01 06:6-44 08:3-05
07:12-02 06:6-52 08:3-07
07:12-03 06:6-54 08:3-15
07:12-04 06:50-08 08:3-16
07:12-07 06:50-10
07:12-09 07:12-18

 

Ran qPCR using the RLOv DNA helicase standard curve from 20151106.

All samples were run in duplicate on the CFX96 (BioRad).

Master mix calcs are here: 20151120 – qPCR RLOv Black Abs

Plate layout, cycling params, etc. can be seen in the qPCR Report (see Results).

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2015-11-20 15-00-27_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX96): Sam_2015-11-20 15-00-27_CC009827.pcrd

Quick summary of the results:

  • 50% of the RLO/RLOv 0 score samples are positive for RLOv DNA helicase. Will talk to Carolyn to see if she has withering syndrome qPCR data for these samples to compare RLOv-positive samples with WSN-positive samples. If not, will run withering syndrome qPCR.
  • All RLO/RLOv 1 & 2 scored samples are positive for RLOv DNA helicase
  • All RLO/RLOv 2 scored samples come up before the standar curve; these should be diluted and re-run.
  • Standard curve isn’t perfect (the 3 copy sample is throwing it off).

 

STANDARD CURVE AMP & SCATTER PLOTS

 

 

RLO/RLOv 0 AMP PLOTS

 

 

RLO/RLOv 1 AMP PLOTS

 

 

RLO/RLOv 2 AMP PLOTS

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Sample ID – Black Abalone DNA for RLOv qPCRs

Carolyn & Stan Langevin have agreed that the DNA helicase qPCR should be tested on 10 black abalone DNA extractions that fall into multiple levels of the Friedman Lab’s withering syndrome histology scoring.

Downloaded the (Google Sheet) Black Abalone: Expt 1 – WS & Phage as a CSV file. After downloading, I renamed the file (Black_Abalone.csv) to facilitate easier usage in the following steps.

Created a sqlite database using GitBash for Windows:
Change to directory where file is located:

$cd Downloads

Start sqlite:

$sqlite3

Tell sqlite that the field separator will be commas (i.e. CSV file):

sqlite>.separator ","

Import the CSV file and provide a name for the resulting database:

sqlite>.import Black_Abalone.csv BlackAbs

Set output display mode to column for easier reading:

sqlite>.mode column

Set output display to include column headers:

sqlite>.headers on

 

To select all the samples that have scores of 0 in both PE and DG RLO fields (screen cap does not show entire output list):

 

To select all the samples that have scores of 1 in both PE and DG RLO fields:

 

To select all the samples that have scores of 2 in both PE and DG RLO fields:

 

Here are the full set of results in a table

RLO/RLOv 0 RLO/RLOv 1 RLO/RLOv 2
06:5-03 06:5-35A 06:5-31
06:5-04 06:50-08 06:5-32B
06:5-08 06:50-10 06:6-46
06:5-09 06:6-32 06:6-49
06:5-10 06:6-39 08:3-05
06:5-11 06:6-42 08:3-07
06:5-14 06:6-44 08:3-15
06:5-16 06:6-52 08:3-16
06:5-18 06:6-54
06:5-20 07:12-18
06:5-21 08:3-08
06:5-22 08:3-10
06:5-24
06:5-30
06:50-04
06:50-05
06:50-11
06:50-12
06:50-13
06:50-15
06:50-16
06:6-01
06:6-02
06:6-03
06:6-05
06:6-08
06:6-11
06:6-12
06:6-13
06:6-15
06:6-16
06:6-17
06:6-18
06:6-20
06:6-21
06:6-22
06:6-23
06:6-24
06:6-25
06:6-26
06:6-27
06:6-28
07:12-01
07:12-02
07:12-03
07:12-04
07:12-05
07:12-06
07:12-07
07:12-09
07:12-10
07:12-13
07:12-19
08:3-01
08:3-02
08:3-03
08:3-04
08:3-13
08:4-01
08:4-02
08:4-03
08:4-04
08:4-05
08:4-06
08:4-07
08:4-08
08:4-09
08:4-10
08:4-11
08:4-12
08:4-13
08:4-14
08:4-15
08:4-16
08:4-17
08:4-18
08:4-19
08:4-20
08:4-21
08:4-22
08:4-23
08:4-24
08:4-25
08:5-06

Will select just 10 of those in the RLO/RLOv 0 column for use in qPCR.

I was able to track down the boxes where are these DNAs were stored (see images below).

Boxes that were not labeled with accession numbers of the samples contained therein are now labeled.

Boxes that contained samples that belonged in other boxers were transferred to the appropriate box.

All boxes were located, and returned, to the big -20C in 240 on Lisa’s shelf.

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Data Management – Black Abalone Histology Scores

As part of the qPCR validation for the withering syndrome phage (RLOv) project, I needed to identify (and, eventually locate) samples that are infected with varying levels of RLOv. This is probably the most time consuming aspect of the project.

I found the histology scoring sheets and added them to an existing Google Sheet that Lisa had partially completed a few years ago: Black Abalone: Expt 1 – WS & Phage

To save time, I only entered the scores into the spreadsheet and did not enter any extra info (like Sex or Coccidia).

Having this data in a single, digital format will allow me to sort the data, to quickly & easily select the appropriate samples with varying levels of RLOv (categorized as “New” on the sheet).

Here are links to pics of the histology scoring sheets for reference:

Next up will be to actually track down the physical samples. This will be a bit of a daunting task…

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PCR – RLOv for Cloning & Sequencing

After yesterday’s confirmation that the qPCR primer/probe sets for RLOv DNA helicase and head-to-tail were functional and specific for the RLOv, I needed to generate PCR products to clone and sequence.

Primers tested:

  • RLOv_DNA_helicase
  • RLOv_head_to_tail_gene

Template DNA:

  • 06:6-54

All samples were run in duplicate.

Master mix calcs are here: 20151009 – PCR RLOv

Cycling Params (PTC-200; MJ Research)

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 95
  • 600
40 Cycles
  • 95
  • 55
  • 72
  • 15
  • 15
  • 30

Samples were run on a 0.8% agarose 1x TBE gel, stained with ethidium bromide.

Results:

Amplification looks great. No amplification in no template controls (NTCs). Excised bands and purified products using Ultrafree DA Spin Columns (Millipore). Samples will be stored @ 4C until I am able to clone them for sequencing.

 

Gel image showing excised bands. And, it’s a complete hack job, which is embarrassing…

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qPCR – RLOv Specificity Check

After yesterday’s confirmation that the primer/probe sets for RLOv DNA helicase and head-to-tail were functional and specific for the RLOv (and don’t amplify RLO alone), I needed to confirm that the qPCRs only generated a single product in each reaction via melt curve analysis.

Primers tested:

  • RLOv_DNA_helicase
  • RLOv_head_to_tail_gene

Template DNA:

  • 06:6-54

NOTE: Remaining volume of template DNA wasn’t going to be sufficient for all reactions, so added 100μL of NanoPure H2O. Seeing how early the amplification was in yesterday’s qPCR (Cq ~15), this dilution should be fine.

All samples were run in duplicate.

Master mix calcs are here: 20151009 – qPCR RLOv

Plate layout, cycling params, etc can be found in the qPCR Report (see Results).

Results:
qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2015-10-09 12-36-54_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX96): Sam_2015-10-09 12-36-54_CC009827.pcrd

Both primer sets amplified a single PCR product. This is demonstrated by the single melt peak for each primer set.

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qPCR – New Withering Syndrome Phage Primers

Ran qPCR with the newly designed primers and probes for the following targets:

  • DNA Helicase (RLOv)
  • Head-to-tail gene (RLOv)
  • WSN1 (RLO)

Template DNA used:

In the histology scoring pictures below, the “New” column refers to histology scores for the presence of the phage. A score = 0 means no phage.

  • 06:5-6 (RLO only)

  • 06:6-54 (RLOv)

  • UW08:22-11A (naive pinto abalone; no RLO)

 

Master mix calcs are here: 20151008 – qPCR WS phage

All samples were run in duplicate. Cycling params, plate layout, etc. can be seen in the qPCR Report (see below).

Results:

qPCR Report (PDF): Sam_2015-10-08 17-45-38_CC009827.pdf
qPCR Data File (CFX96): Sam_2015-10-08 17-45-38_CC009827.pcrd

ORANGE – WSN1; BLUE – DNA Helicase; GREEN – Head-to-tail

The results look great! The two RLOv (phage) primer sets only amplify in the sample that has histological confirmation of the presence of phage (06:6-54). They do not amplify in the RLO-only (no phage; 06:5-6) sample, demonstrating that these two primer sets are indeed specific to the phage and don’t  amplify the RLO.

The withering syndrome primers (WSN1) were run to confirm that there aredetectable levels of RLO in both the RLOv & RLO samples, to further support the evidence showing the specificity of the two phage primer sets.

Will use the two RLOv primer sets in a conventional PCR for cloning/sequencing and development and validation of a qPCR standard curve.

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PCR – New Withering Syndrome Phage ISH Primers

Ran a PCR using the new ISH primers that I previously designed:

  • RLOv_tail_fiber_gene
  • RLOv_membrane_gene_1
  • RLOv_membrane_gene_2

Template DNA was black abalone DNA (from digestive gland [Dg]): 06:6-54 (from 4/9/2008)

Negative control DNA: UW08:22-11A (from 3/5/2007)

No template controls (NTCs) were also run.

All samples were run in duplicate, in 0.5mL PCR tubes.

 

Master mix calcs

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x6.6 (μL)
Template 1 NA
2x Apex Red Master Mix 12.5 82.5
Primer Forward 0.5 3.3
Primer Reverse 0.5 3.3
H2O 11.5 75.9
TOTAL 25 Add 24μL to each tube

 

Cycling Params (PTC-200; MJ Research)

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 95
  • 600
40 Cycles
  • 95
  • 55
  • 72
  • 15
  • 15
  • 30

 

Samples were held O/N at 4C. Will run on gel tomorrow.

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