Tag Archives: Katherine Silliman

RNA Isolation – Olympia oyster gonad tissue in paraffin histology blocks

UPDATE 20170712: The RNA I isolated below is from incorrect regions of tissue. I misunderstood exactly what this tissue was, and admittedly, jumped the gun. The tissue is actually collected from the visceral mass – which contains gonad (a small amount) and digestive gland (a large amount). The RNA isolated below will be stored in one of the Shellfish RNA boxes and I will isolate RNA from the correct regions indicated by Grace

Isolated RNA from Olympia oyster gonad previously preserved with the PAXgene Tissue Fixative and Stabilizer and then embedded in paraffin blocks. See Laura’s notebook for full details on samples and preservation.

 

RNA was isolated from the following samples using the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit (Qiagen). Gouged samples from the blocks weighing ~10mg from each of the tissues and processed according the protocol for isolating RNA from blocks of paraffin-embedded tissues.

Tissue identification is available in this GitHub Issue

NF-10-22
NF-10-23
NF-10-24
NF-10-26
NF-10-28
NF-10-30
SN-10-16
SN-10-17
SN-10-20
SN-10-25
SN-10-26
SN-10-31

IMPORTANT:

  • Prior to beginning, I prepared an aliquot of Buffer TR1 by adding 40μL of β-mercaptoethanol (β-ME) to 4000μL of Buffer TR1).
  • Reconstituted DNase I with 550μL of RNase-free H2O. Aliquoted in 100μL volumes and stored @ -20C in the “-20C Kit Components” box.

Isolated RNA according to the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit protocol with the following alterations:

  • “Max speed” spins were performed at 20,000g.
  • Tissue disruption was performed by adding ~25-50 glass beads (425 – 600μm diameter) with the Disruptor Genie @ 45C for 15mins (in the Friedman Lab).
  • Samples were eluted with 27μL of Buffer TR4 x 2, incubated @ 65C for 5mins, immediately placed on ice and quantified on the Roberts Lab Qubit 3.0 with the RNA High Sensitivity Assay (ThermoFisher Scientific) using 5μL of each sample.

Results:

Concentrations (Google Sheet): 20170710_RNA_qubit_oly_histo_blocks

Well, the good news is that there’s RNA from all the samples and it seems to be in relatively high concentrations!

The bad news is that the concentrations for 10 of the 12 samples were too high and outside the range of the Qubit RNA HS Assay! Since we don’t have the broad range RNA assay, I can’t properly quantify the remaining samples. However, these samples are being sent to Katherine Silliman at some point, so I’ll leave it up to her to quantify the samples. I’m also guessing that she’ll run them on a Bioanalyzer to assess their integrity prior to beginning library construction, so that will also yield concentrations for the samples.

Samples were stored at -80C temporarily.

Samples will be sent to Katherine Silliman for high-throughput library construction and sequencing once I hear back from her regarding her availability to receive the samples.

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Oyster Sampling – Olympia Oyster OA Populations at Manchester

I helped Katherine Silliman with her oyster sampling today from her ocean acidification experiment with Olympia oysters (Ostrea lurida) at the Kenneth K. Chew Center for Shellfish Research & Restoration, which is housed at the NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center at Manchester in a partnership with the Puget Sound Restoration Fund (PSRF). We sampled the following tissues and stored in 1mL RNAlater:

  • adductor muscle (A)
  • ctenidia (C)
  • mantle (M)

When there was sufficient ctenidia tissue, an additional sample was stored in 75% ethanol for potential microbial analysis.

Tissue was collected from two oysters from each of the following oyster populations:

  • British Columbia (BC)
  • California (CA)
  • Oregon (OR)

Oysters were sampled from each of the following tanks:

  • 1A
  • 2A
  • 3A
  • 4A
  • 1B
  • 2B
  • 3B
  • 4B

Tubes were labeled in the following fashion:

  1. Population & Tank (e.g. OR3B)
  2. Tag#
  3. Tissue

If no tag was present on the oyster, the oyster was assigned a number (beginning at 150 and increased sequentially) and photographed with a ruler for future measurement. White colored tags were written with the number followed by the letter ‘W’ (e.g. 78W) – no tag color info was recorded for other tag colors.

Additionally, gonad developmental stage was roughly assessed: ripe, kinda ripe, or not ripe.

All info was recorded by Katherine in her notepad. All samples were retained by Katherine (not sure where she stored them).

Utensils were flame sterilized between oysters and gloves/work surfaces were washed with a 10% bleach solution between oysters.

 

Here are a few pics from the day:

 

 

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Illumina Methylation Library Quantification – BS-seq Oly/C.gigas Libraries

Re-quantified the libraries that were completed yesterday using the Qubit3.0 dsDNA HS (high sensitivity) assay because the library concentrations were too low for the normal broad range kit.

Results:

Qubit Quants and Library Normalization Calcs: 20151222_qubit_illumina_methylation_libraries

SAMPLE CONCENTRATION (ng/μL)
1NF11 2.42
1NF15 1.88
1NF16 2.74
1NF17 2.54
2NF5 2.72
2NF6 2.44
2NF7 2.38
2NF8 1.88
M2 2.18
M3 2.56
NF2_6 2.5
NF_18 2.66

 

Things look pretty good. The TruSeq DNA Methylation Library Kit (Illumina) suggests that the libraries produced should end up with concentrations >3ng/μL, but we have plenty of DNA here to make a pool for running on the HiSeq2500.

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Bioanalyzer – Bisulfite-treated Oly/C.gigas DNA

Following the guidelines of the TruSeq DNA Methylation Library Prep Guide (Illumina), I ran 1μL of each sample on an RNA Pico 6000 chip on the Seeb Lab’s Bioanalyzer 2100 (Agilent) to confirm that bisulfite conversion from earlier today worked.

Results:

Data File 1(Bioanlyzer 2100): 2100 expert_Eukaryote Total RNA Pico_DE72902486_2015-12-18_21-05-04.xad

Data File 1(Bioanlyzer 2100): 2100 expert_Eukaryote Total RNA Pico_DE72902486_2015-12-18_21-42-55.xad

 

 

Firstly, the ladder failed to produce any peaks. Not sure why this happened. Possibly not denatured? Seems unlikely, but next time I run the Pico assay, I’ll denature the ladder aliquot I use prior to running.

Overall, the samples look as they should (see image from TruSeq DNA Methylation Kit manual below), albeit some are a bit lumpy.

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Bisulfite Treatment – Oly Reciprocal Transplant DNA & C.gigas Lotterhos DNA for BS-seq

After confirming that the DNA available for this project looked good, I performed bisulfite treatment on the following gDNA samples:

  • 1NF11
  • 1NF15
  • 1NF16
  • 1NF17
  • 2NF5
  • 2NF6
  • 2NF7
  • 2NF8
  • NF2_6
  • NF2_18
  • M2
  • M3

Sample names breakdown like this:

1NF#

1 = Fidalgo Bay outplants

NF = Fidalgo Bay broodstock origination

= Sample number

2NF#

Same as above, but:

2 = Oyster Bay outplants

NF2_# (Oysters grown in Oyster Bay; DNA provided by Katherine Silliman)

NF2 = Fidalgo Bay broodstock origination, family #2

= Sample number

M2/M3 = C.gigas from Katie Lotterhos

 

Followed the guidelines of the TruSeq DNA Methylation Library Prep Guide (Illumina).

Used the EZ DNA Methylation-Gold Kit (ZymoResearch) according to the manufacturer’s protocol with the following changes/notes:

  • Used 100ng DNA (per Illumina recs; Zymo recommends at least 200ng for “optimal results”).
  • Thermal cycling was performed in 0.5mL thin-wall tubes in a PTC-200 (MJ Research) using a heated lid
  • Centrifugations were performed at 13,000g
  • Desulphonation incubation for 20mins.

DNA quantity calculations are here (Google Sheet): 20151218_oly_bisulfite_calcs

Samples were stored @ -20C. Will check samples via Bioanalyzer before proceeding to library construction.

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