Tag Archives: PCR

Gel Purification – Olympia Oyster and Sea Pen PCRs

Purified DNA from the remaining PCR bands excised by Jake on 20150609 and 20150610, as well as Jonathan’s sea pen PCRs from 20150604, using Ultrafree-DA spin columns (Millipore). Transferred gel pieces from storage tubes (1.5mL snap cap tubes) to spin columns. Spun 10,000g, 5mins @ RT. Transferred purified DNA back to original storage tubes. See the sequence_log (Google Sheet) for a full list of the samples and the sequencing plates layouts. Purified DNA was stored @ 4C O/N. Will prepare and submit plates for Sanger sequencing tomorrow.


PCR – Ireland Clam RLO DNA S/6/14 #19 (from 20150130)

After previously confirming that the issue with previous PCRs was due to bad reagents, I re-ran the PCR on the clam RLO DNA isolated 20150130 using a set of universal 16s primers, as well as a universal 18s primer set to serve as a positive control that amplifiable DNA was present in the sample.

Master mix calcs are here: 20150219 – cPCR Universal Primers Apex Red MM

Primers being used are:

  • 16s/23s-F/R
  • 27F, 1492R
  • EHR16D, EHR16R (universal ehrlichia)
  • EUB-A/B
  • 18s EUK 581 F, 18s EUK 1134 R

Cycling params were:
1 cycle of:

  • 95C – 10mins

40 cycles of:

  • 95C – 15s
  • 50C – 15s
  • 72C – 1mins

Samples were run on 1.0% agarose, low TAE gel stained w/EtBr.


Ladder used was O’GenRuler 100bp DNA Ladder (Thermo-Fisher).

No sample was loaded directly next to ladder to facilitate excision, if necessary.

Each sample was accompanied by a no template control (NTC).

The ehrlichia universal primers (EHR) and the universal 18s (18s) primers are the only two primer sets that do not have contamination present in the NTCs.

Excised the EHR band and purified with Ultrafree-DA columns (Millipore). Purified DNA was stored @ -20C and will be used for cloning/sequencing next week.

Have already ordered additional primer sets of those above that are contaminated. Will re-run the PCR with those new, sterile primer sets when they arrive to obtain a larger product (the EHR amplicon is only ~350bp).


PCR – Test Universal Primers with Abalone DNA

Since I’ve had no success in amplifying any of the Ireland Clam RLO (S/6/14 #19) DNA, I’m testing all the universal primer sets I’ve previously tried on the Ireland Clam DNA with red abalone DNA known to have heavy withering syndrome infection (confirmed via histology and qPCR) to verify that these universal primer sets actually work.  I’m also using the withering syndrome primer sets on this DNA to function as a positive control.

Template DNA is: 09:20-08 (from tissue)

Background info for template DNA is here: Red/Pink/Pinto

Primers being used are:

  • 16s/23s-F/R
  • 27F, 1492R
  • EHR16D, EHR16R (universal ehrlichia)
  • EUB-A/B
  • 18s EUK 581 F, 18s EUK 1134 R
  • WSN1 (withering syndrome)

Master mix calcs are here: 20150204 – Ireland Clam Troubleshooting GoTaq Flexi

All samples were run in duplicate.

Cycling params were:
1 cycle of:

  • 95C – 10mins

40 cycles of:

  • 95C – 15s
  • 50C – 15s
  • 72C – 2mins

Ran samples out on a 0.8% agarose,  1x TBE gel w/EtBr



Nothing.  Since there’s nothing, I didn’t bother labelling the gel. So, this suggests that the PCR reactions aren’t working.  Will get newer reagents to replace the 5yr+ old reagents I have been using.  Also will try a different thermal cycler, just to rule out all possibilities.


Bisulfite NGS Library Prep – LSU C.virginica Oil Spill MBD Bisulfite DNA and Emma’s C.gigas Larvae OA Bisulfite DNA (continued from yesterday)

Continued library prep from yesterday. Set up Library Amplification according to the protocol. The samples received the following Barcode Indices:

  • HB2 – 1 (ATCACG)
  • HB5 – 2 (CGATGT)
  • HB16 – 3 (TTAGGC)
  • HB30 – 4 (TGACCA)
  • NB3 – 5 (ACAGTG)
  • NB6 – 6 (GCCAAT)
  • NB11 – 7 (CAGATC)
  • NB21 – 12 (CTTGTA)
  • 1A1 – 2 (CGATGT)
  • 1A2 – 1 (ATCACG)
  • 6A1 – 4 (TGACCA)
  • 6A2 – 5 (ACAGTG)
  • 103B1 – 6 (GCCAAT)
  • 103B2 – 7 (CAGATC)
  • 105A4 – 12 (CTTGTA)
  • 105A5 – 11 (GGCTAC)

Due to differences in input DNA quantities, samples were run with different numbers of thermal cycles.

13 thermal cycles were run for the following samples:

  • 1A1
  • 105A4
  • 105A5

22 thermal cycles were run for the following samples:

  • HB2
  • HB5
  • HB16
  • HB30
  • NB3
  • NB6
  • NB11
  • NB21
  • 1A2
  • 6A1
  • 6A2
  • 103B1
  • 103B2

Samples were quantified with 1uL of each sample using the Quant-iT dsDNA BR Kit (Invitrogen). Used 5uL of each standard and standards were run in duplicate.



PCR – Mac’s Bisulfite-Treated DNA

Realized that the PCR performed on 20140828 used the incorrect forward primer! As such, am repeating as before, but with the correct forward primer:

CgBS_733_26796F (SRID: 1597)

NOTE: Nothing left of sample EV2.28 bisulfite, so this was not run.


Ladder – O’GeneRuler 100bp Ladder (ThermoFisher)

Samples are loaded in numerical order from left to right, with a NTC sample before the second ladder.

All samples ran at ~275bp, which is larger than the previous gels. Confirmed with Mac that this gel looks correct. Will contact Cassie at Fred Hutchinson to go forward with PyroMark sequencing of these products.

Evidently, it would seem that Mac (and I) used the incorrect primer set when performing this PCR most recently. Doh!


PCR – Mac’s Bisulfite-Treated DNA

Per Mac’s request, ran a PCR on a set of bisulfite-treated DNA (in her gDNA 2014 box in small -20C):

  • EV2.16 bisulfite
  • EV2.20 bisulfite
  • EV2.22 bisulfite
  • EV2.24 bisulfite
  • EV2.28 bisulfite
  • EV2.29 bisulfite
  • EV2.32 bisulfite
  • EV2.33 bisulfite

DNA needed to be diluted. Diluted according to this sheet provided by Mac:


NOTE: EV2.28 didn’t have sufficient DNA left to prepare the dilution according to Mac’s sheet. Instead, the remaining volume ofEv2.28 bisulfite DNA (0.5uL) was diluted in a total volume of 2.5uL to maintain the same dilution ratio.

Master mix calcs are here: 20140828 – PCR Mac Bisulfite Samples

Primers used were:

CgBS_733_26796Seq (SRID: 1598)
CgBS_733_26796R_5’biotin (SRID: 1596)

Cycling params:

  1. 1. 95C – 10mins
  2. 2. 94C – 30s
  3. 3. 56C – 30s
  4. 4. 72C – 30s
  5. 5. Repeat steps 2 – 5 44 more times
  6. 6. 72C – 10mins


Ladder used is O’GeneRuler 100bp DNA Ladder (ThermoFisher).

According to Mac, the expected band size is ~300bp. However, all samples are running at ~150bp. Mac is confused and does not know what to do.

*UPDATE 20140902* – Realized I used the wrong forward primer! Will repeat PCR with correct primer. Wonder if Mac did the same thing…


PCR – Withering Syndrome Phage

We received MiSeq data back from Stan Langevin (samples submitted 20140717) and he believes he has sequenced the entire WS phage. Carolyn and Colleen designed some primers on two of the open reading frames annotated by Stan. Ran PCR with the three primer sets to test out:

  • 1_ORF25F_225_CSF, 1_ORF25R_399_CSF
  • 2_ORF25_121_CAB, 2_ORF25R_320_CAB
  • 3_ORF20F_121_CSF, 3_ORF20R_326_CSF

Master mix calcs are here: 201400813 – PCR WS phage

Cycling params:

Ran samples on 1.2% 1x TBE + EtBr.


Ladder: O’GeneRuler 100bp DNA Ladder (ThermoFisher)

Good amplification from all three primer sets. The pinto abalone sample (UW08:22-65) that should be naive for withering syndrome and phage did not amplify as expected.

Excised bands from each primer set in the 06:6-41 group and purified using Ultrafree DA spin columns (Millipore). Will save for potential cloning usage, depending on future results.


PCR – Full Length AFF133090 (Abalone Withering Syndrome 16s)

Ran conventional PCR to amplify the full length abalone withering syndrome 16s product for subsequent cloning. Used four different DNA plasmid preps as template, for comparison purposes. Plasmid preps used were:

  • p16RK7 (from 20120718)
  • p18RK7 (from 20120718)
  • pWC8 (from 20120718)
  • p16RK7 A (from 20131106)

Primers used:

  • WS_16s_1_F
  • WS_16s_1501_R

Master mix calcs are here: 20131203 – cPCR WS Full Length

All reactions were run in duplicate.

Cycling params:

  • 95C – 10m

40 cycles of:

  • 95C – 15s
  • 55C – 15s
  • 72C – 2m


Ran 20uL (of 50uL reaction) of each sample on 0.8% TBE gel.

Lanes (left ro right):

1 – Hyperladder I (Bioline)

2 – p16RK7 (from 20120718)

3 – p16RK7 (from 20120718)

4 – p18RK7 (from 20120718)

5 – p18RK7 (from 20120718)

6 – pWC8 (from 20120718)

7 – pWC8 (from 20120718)

8 – p16RK7 A (from 20131106)

9 – p16RK7 A (from 20131106)

10 – NTC

11 – NTC

Expected a band of ~1500bp. Bands of all samples (except pWC8) run at ~1500bp. pWC8 runs a bit higher and will not be used for cloning, as part of our troubleshooting the failure of our plasmid qPCR standard curve for withering syndrome.