Tag Archives: PTC-200

PCR – RLOv for Cloning & Sequencing

After yesterday’s confirmation that the qPCR primer/probe sets for RLOv DNA helicase and head-to-tail were functional and specific for the RLOv, I needed to generate PCR products to clone and sequence.

Primers tested:

  • RLOv_DNA_helicase
  • RLOv_head_to_tail_gene

Template DNA:

  • 06:6-54

All samples were run in duplicate.

Master mix calcs are here: 20151009 – PCR RLOv

Cycling Params (PTC-200; MJ Research)

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 95
  • 600
40 Cycles
  • 95
  • 55
  • 72
  • 15
  • 15
  • 30

Samples were run on a 0.8% agarose 1x TBE gel, stained with ethidium bromide.

Results:

Amplification looks great. No amplification in no template controls (NTCs). Excised bands and purified products using Ultrafree DA Spin Columns (Millipore). Samples will be stored @ 4C until I am able to clone them for sequencing.

 

Gel image showing excised bands. And, it’s a complete hack job, which is embarrassing…

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Adaptor Ligation – Oly AlfI-Digested gDNA for RAD-seq

Continued to follow the 2bRAD protocol (PDF) developed by Eli Meyer’s lab.

Digested DNA from earlier today was not run out on a gel due to the fact that the input gDNA was degraded and a shift in the high molecular weight band (indicating the digestion was successful) would not exist because a high molecular weight band is absent in these samples.

 

Anneal Adaptors

After preparing the two adaptors below, they were incubated for 10mins @ RT:

  • Adaptor 1 (2μM final concentration of each oligo): 1.5μL of 5ILL-NR (100μM) + 1.5μL of anti-ILL (100μM) + 72μL H2O = 75μL total
  • Adaptor 2 (2μM final concentration of each oligo): 1.5μL of 3ILL-NR (100μM) + 1.5μL of anti-ILL (100μM) + 72μL H2O = 75μL total

After annealing, the adaptors were stored on ice.

 

Adaptor Ligation

All components were stored on ice. Ligation reactions were prepared on ice and performed in 0.5mL snap cap tubes.

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x11
Digested DNA 10 NA
ATP (10mM) 1 11
10x T4 Ligase Buffer 4 44
Adaptor 1 (2μM) 5 55
Adaptor 2 (2μM) 5 55
T4 DNA Ligase 1 11
NanoPure H2O 24 264
TOTAL 50 440

Combined 40μL of the master mix with 10μL of AlfI-digested DNA in a 0.5mL snap cap tube.

Incubated ligation reaction @ 16C for 3hrs in PTC-200 thermal cycler (MJ Research) – no heated lid.

Ligations were stored @ -20C until I can continue working with them on Monday.

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PCR – New Withering Syndrome Phage ISH Primers

Ran a PCR using the new ISH primers that I previously designed:

  • RLOv_tail_fiber_gene
  • RLOv_membrane_gene_1
  • RLOv_membrane_gene_2

Template DNA was black abalone DNA (from digestive gland [Dg]): 06:6-54 (from 4/9/2008)

Negative control DNA: UW08:22-11A (from 3/5/2007)

No template controls (NTCs) were also run.

All samples were run in duplicate, in 0.5mL PCR tubes.

 

Master mix calcs

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x6.6 (μL)
Template 1 NA
2x Apex Red Master Mix 12.5 82.5
Primer Forward 0.5 3.3
Primer Reverse 0.5 3.3
H2O 11.5 75.9
TOTAL 25 Add 24μL to each tube

 

Cycling Params (PTC-200; MJ Research)

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 95
  • 600
40 Cycles
  • 95
  • 55
  • 72
  • 15
  • 15
  • 30

 

Samples were held O/N at 4C. Will run on gel tomorrow.

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PCR – Oly RAD-seq Test-scale PCR

Yesterday’s test scale PCR failed to produce any bands in any samples (expected size of ~166bp). This is not particularly surprising, due to the level of degradation in these samples. As such, repeated the test scale PCR, but increased the number of cycles.

Following the Meyer Lab 2bRAD protocol.

I ran PCR reactions on a the same subset of samples as yesterday (Sample #: 4, 7, 14, & 30).

PCR reactions were set up on ice in 0.5mL PCR tubes.

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x4.4
Template 8 NA
NanoPure H2O 1 4.4
dNTPs (1mM) 4 17.6
ILL-LIB1 (10μM) 0.4 1.76
ILL-LIB2 (10μM) 0.4 1.76
ILL-HT1 (1μM) 1 4.4
ILL-BC1 (1μM) 1 4.4
5x Q5 Reaction Buffer 4 17.6
Q5 DNA Polymerase 0.2 0.88
TOTAL 20 52.8

 

Combined 12μL of master mix with 8μL of the ligation reaction from yesterday.

Cycling was performed on a PTC-200 (MJ Research) with a heated lid:

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 98
  • 30
42 cycles
  • 98
  • 60
  • 72
  • 5
  • 20
  • 10

We’re following the “1/4 reduced representation” aspect of the protocol. As such, 5μL of each reaction was pulled immediately after the extension (72C – machine was paused) of cycles 27, 32, 37, & 42 in order to determine the ideal number of cycles to use. Also ran the ligation reactions (labelled “ligations” on the gel below) of two samples (samples #: 14 & 30) as a pre-PCR comparison.

These samples were run on a 1x modified TAE 2% agarose gel (w/EtBr).

Results:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: Today’s gel image was taken with a proper gel imager (yesterday’s gel image was captured with my phone). The 27 cycles appears similar to yesterday’s results, even though the bands are not visible on yesterdays’ gel, due to limitations of the phone’s camera sensitivity.

There are a number of bands visible on this gel.

The green arrow on the image identifies what I believe to be the proper size band (~160bp). This band is present in all four cycling groups and at similar intensities across cycling groups.

The two lower molecular weight bands are very likely primer dimers. The Meyer Lab Protocol indicates that primer dimers will likely be present at ~70bp, ~90bp, & ~133bp.

Since we’ve been following along with Katherine Silliman’s 2bRAD progress, here’s an image of her test scale PCR to compare to ours:

Katherine’s test scale PCR. Notice how much more prominent her bands are in all cycle groups, compared to my gel above.

 

Since this is my first foray into RAD-seq QC, I’m not certain whether or not our test scale PCRs indicate any level of success. I will consult with Katherine and Steven about what they think. Since we’re on a timeline, and we’re just testing the viability of this whole process, I suspect Steven will have me proceed and see how things turnout.

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PCR – Oly RAD-seq Test-scale PCR

Continuing with the RAD-seq library prep. Following the Meyer Lab 2bRAD protocol.

Prior to generating full-blown libraries, we need to run a “test-scale” PCR to identify the minimum number of cycles needed to produce the intended product size (166bp).

I ran PCR reactions on a subset (Sample #: 4, 7, 14, & 30) of the 10 samples that I performed adaptor ligations on earlier today.

All components were stored on ice.

dNTPs – 1mM working stock was made

  • 10μL dNTPs (10mM)
  • 90μL NanoPure H2O

 

ILL-LIB1 & 2 – 10μM working stocks were made

  • 10μL ILL-LIB1 or -LIB2 (100μM)
  • 90μL NanoPure H2O

 

ILL-HT1 & 2 – 1μM working stocks were made

  • 1μL ILL-HT1 or -HT2 (100μM)
  • 99μL NanoPure H2O

 

ILL-BC1 – 1μM working stock was made

  • 1μL ILL-BC1 (100μM)
  • 99μL NanoPure H2O

 

PCR reactions were set up on ice in 0.5mL PCR tubes.

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x4.4
Template 8 NA
NanoPure H2O 1 4.4
dNTPs (1mM) 4 17.6
ILL-LIB1 (10μM) 0.4 1.76
ILL-LIB2 (10μM) 0.4 1.76
ILL-HT1 (1μM) 1 4.4
ILL-BC1 (1μM) 1 4.4
5x Q5 Reaction Buffer 4 17.6
Q5 DNA Polymerase 0.2 0.88
TOTAL 20 52.8

 

Combined 12μL of master mix with 8μL of the ligation reaction from earlier today.

Cycling was performed on a PTC-200 (MJ Research) with a heated lid:

STEP TEMP (C) TIME (s)
Initial Denaturation
  • 98
  • 30
27 cycles
  • 98
  • 60
  • 72
  • 5
  • 20
  • 10

We’re following the “1/4 reduced representation” aspect of the protocol. As such, 5μL of each reaction was pulled immediately after the extension (72C – machine was paused) of cycles 12, 17, 22, & 27 in order to determine the ideal number of cycles to use. Also ran the ligation reactions (labelled “Digests” on the gel below) of two samples (samples #: 4 & 7) as a pre-PCR comparison.

These samples were run on a 1x modified TAE 2% agarose gel (w/EtBr).

 

Results:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The results aren’t great. No band(s) visible in any samples at even the highest cycle number (27 cycles). Although, if you squint pretty hard, an extremely faint band might be visible in between the 100/200bp markers in the 27 cycles group.

Regardless, the PCRs will need to be repeated with an increased number of cycles. This is not terribly surprising, as the Meyer Lab protocol indicates that degraded samples will likely need a greater number of cycles than what they recommend and that cycle number will have to be determined empirically.

 

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Adaptor Ligation – Oly AlfI-Digested gDNA for RAD-seq

Yesterday’s AlfI over night restriction digest was heat inactivated by heating @ 65C for 10mins. Samples were stored on ice.

Continued to follow  the 2bRAD protocol (PDF) developed by Eli Meyer’s lab.

Digested DNA was not run out on a gel due to the fact that the input gDNA was degraded and a shift in the high molecular weight band (indicating the digestion was successful) would not exist because a high molecular weight band is absent in these samples.

The following oligos were reconstituted in TE buffer (pH = 8.0) to 100μM:

  • 3ILL-NR
  • 5ILL-NR
  • anti-ILL
  • ILL-BC1 (Barcode sequence: CGTGAT)
  • ILL-HT1 (Barcode sequence: ATGCAT)
  • ILL-HT2 (Barcode sequence: CGTACG)
  • ILL-LIB1
  • ILL-LIB2

Anneal Adaptors

After preparing the two adaptors below, they were incubated for 10mins @ RT:

  • Adaptor 1 (2μM final concentration of each oligo): 1.5μL of 5ILL-NR (100μM) + 1.5μL of anti-ILL (100μM) + 72μL H2O = 75μL total
  • Adaptor 2 (2μM final concentration of each oligo): 1.5μL of 3ILL-NR (100μM) + 1.5μL of anti-ILL (100μM) + 72μL H2O = 75μL total

After annealing, the adaptors were stored on ice.

 

Adaptor Ligation

All components were stored on ice. Ligation reactions were prepared on ice and performed in 0.5mL snap cap tubes.

REAGENT SINGLE REACTION (μL) x11
Digested DNA 10 NA
ATP (10mM) 1 11
10x T4 Ligase Buffer 4 44
Adaptor 1 (2μM) 5 55
Adaptor 2 (2μM) 5 55
T4 DNA Ligase 1 11
NanoPure H2O 24 264
TOTAL 50 440

Added 40μL of the master mix to each tube of AlfI-digested DNA (12μL). NOTE: I made a mistake here. I should have only combined 10μL of DNA with the 40μL of master mix for each. My mistake was due, in part, to the way the Meyer Lab 2bRAD protocol is written. In the Digestion section of the protocol, Step 5 (run 2μL of the digests on a gel) is listed as optional. However, in Step 2a of the Ligation section, it says to add the “remaining 10μL of digested DNA”. The use of the word “remaining” in this instance is misleading because it implies to use all that’s left in the tube.

Incubated ligation reaction @ 16C for 3hrs in PTC-200 thermal cycler (MJ Research) – no heated lid.

Transferred tubes to ice while preparing subsequent

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