Jake and Steven recently noticed localized “hot spots” on most of Jake’s recent qPCRs, where higher levels of fluorescence were consistently showing up in interior portions of the plates than the outer portion of the plates.
Ordered 5nmol of 6-FAM T10 Calibration Standard from Biosearch Technologies and resuspended it in 50μL of 1x dilution buffer (10mM Tris-HCl pH8.0, 50mM NaCl, 5mM MgCl2) to make a 100μM solution. Buffer and dye were stored @ -20C after use.
Buffer calculations: Total Volume = 15mL
- 1.5mL of 100mM Tris-HCl
- 150μL of 5M NaCl
- 750μL of 100mM MgCl2
Made a working dilution of the 6-FAM dye of 300nM in 5mL of 1x dilution buffer (15uL of 100uM dye in 5mL of buffer).
Ran the calibration protocol on the Opticon2 (BioRad) using 50μL of dye in all wells when required by the calibration protocol.
EMPTY PLATE MEASUREMENTS
Empty Plate – Channel 1 voltage measurements
Empty Plate – Channel 2 voltage measurements
Empty Plate – Ratio of Channel 1 to Channel 2 voltage measurements.
The empty plate measurements above show the expected low voltage measurements, but also show a ~5-fold difference in min/max voltages in each channel. Additionally, the voltage ratios (the third image above) show a wavy pattern, but a smooth, even level from well-to-well is what would be expected if the Opticon was in measuring things properly.
DYE PLATE MEASUREMENTS
Dye Measurements – Channel 1 voltage measurements
Dye Measurements – Channel 2 voltage measurements
Dye Measurements – Channel 1 to Channel 2 voltage measurement ratios.
The voltages measured in each channel show the expected increase in voltages relative to the empty plate (> 10x voltage than empty plate). However, the spread between the min/max voltages in both channels is ~4-fold. Additionally, the ratio between the two channels still shows the wavy pattern across all the wells instead of the expected even ratio from well-to-well that should result from the calibration.
It appears the calibration has not resolved the issue.
To verify that calibration has failed, I ran two sets of qPCR “protocols” that simply read the dye plate to measure fluorescence across the plate in two plate orientations.
Original Orientation Data File (TAD): 20150630_162622_calibration_test.tad
180 degree rotation Data File (TAD): 20150630_162622_calibration_test_180.tad
Dye Fluorescence – Original Orientation
Dye Fluorescence – Original Orientation with Fluorescence Graph
Dye Fluorescence – 180 Degree Rotation
Dye Fluorescence – 180 Degree Rotation with Fluorescence Graph
First thing to notice is that there’s clearly uneven fluorescence detection across the plate. Viewing the images that also contain the fluorescence graphs reveals a spread of ~8-fold between the highest and lowest fluorescence detection.
The second thing to notice is that, despite rotating the plate 180 degrees, the rotation has no effect on the fluorescence detected in each block location.
Both of these taken together provide strong evidence that there’s an issue with the machine.