Category Archives: Olympia Oyster Genome Sequencing

Genome Annoation – Olympia oyster genome annotation results #02

Yesterday, I annotated our Olympia oyster genome using WQ-MAKER in just 7hrs!.

See that link for run setup and configuration. They are essentially the same, except for the change I’ll discuss below.

The results from that run can be seen here:

In that previous run, I neglected to provide a transposable elements FastA file for use with RepeatMasker.

I remedied that and re-ran it. I modified maker_opts.ctl to include the following:

repeat_protein=../../opt/maker/data/te_proteins.fasta #provide a fasta file of transposable element proteins for RepeatRunner

This TEs file is part of RepeatMasker.


RESULTS

Output folder:

Annotated genome file (GFF):



This run took about an hour longer than the previous run, but for some reason it ran with only 21 workers, instead of 22. This is probably the reason for the increased run time.

I’d like to post a snippet of the GFF file here, but the line lengths are WAY too long and will be virtually impossible to read in this notebook. The GFF consists of listing a “parent” contig and its corresponding info (start/stop/length). Then, there are “children” of this contig that show various regions that are matched within the various databases that were queried, i.e. repeatmasker annotations for identifying repeat regions, protein2genome for full/partial protein matches, etc. Thus, a single scaffold (contig) can have dozens or hundreds of corresponding annotations!

Probably the easiest and most logical to start working with will be those scaffolds that are annotated with a “protein_match”, as these have a corresponding GenBank ID. Parsing these out and then doing a join with NCBI protein IDs will give us a basic annotaiton of “functional” portions of the genome.

Additionally, we should probably do some sort of comparison of this run with the previous run where I did not provide the transposable elements FastA file.

Genome Annoation – Olympia oyster genome annotation results #01

Yesterday, I annotated our Olympia oyster genome using WQ-MAKER in just 7hrs!.

See that link for run setup and configuration.


RESULTS

Before proceeding further, it should be noted that I neglected to provide Maker with a transposable elements FastA file for RepeatMasker to use.

The following line in the maker_opts.ctl file was originally populated with an absolute path to data I didn’t recognize, so I removed it:

repeat_protein= #provide a fasta file of transposable element proteins for RepeatRunner

I’m not entirely sure what the impacts will be on annotation, so I’ve re-run Maker with that line restored (using a relative path). You can find the results of that run here:

  • [Genome Annoation – Olympia oyster genome annotation results #02](http://onsnetwork.org/kubu4/2018/08/08/genome-annoation-olympia-oyster-genome-annotation-results-02/

Output folder:

Annotated genome file (GFF):

I’d like to post a snippet of the GFF file here, but the line lengths are WAY too long and will be virtually impossible to read in this notebook. The GFF consists of listing a “parent” contig and its corresponding info (start/stop/length). Then, there are “children” of this contig that show various regions that are matched within the various databases that were queried, i.e. repeatmasker annotations for identifying repeat regions, protein2genome for full/partial protein matches, etc. Thus, a single scaffold (contig) can have dozens or hundreds of corresponding annotations!

Probably the easiest and most logical approach from here is to start working with scaffolds that are annotated with a “protein_match”, as these have a corresponding GenBank ID. Parsing these out and then doing a join with a database of NCBI protein IDs will give us a basic annotation of “functional” portions of the genome.

Additionally, we should probably do some sort of comparison of this run with the follow up run where I provided the transposable elements FastA file to see what impacts the exclusion/inclusion of that info had on annotation.

Genome Annotation – Olympia oyster genome using WQ-MAKER Instance on Jetstream

Yesterday, our Xsede Startup Application (Google Doc) got approval for 100,000 Service Units (SUs) and 1TB of disk space on Xsede/Atmosphere/Jetstream (or, whatever it’s actually called!). The approval happened within an hour of submitting the application!

Here’s a copy of the approval notice:

Dear Dr. Roberts:

Your recently submitted an XSEDE Startup request has been reviewed and approved.

PI: Steven Roberts, University of Washington

Request: Annotation of Olympia oyster (Ostrea lurida) and Pacific geoduck (Panopea generosa) genomes using WQ_MAKER on Jetstream cloud.

Request Number: MCB180124 (New)

Start Date: N/A

End Date: 2019-08-05

Awarded Resources: IU/TACC (Jetstream): 100,000.0 SUs

IU/TACC Storage (Jetstream Storage): 1,000.0 GB

Allocations Admin Comments:

The estimated value of these awarded resources is $14,890.00. The allocation of these resources represents a considerable investment by the NSF in advanced computing infrastructure for U.S. The dollar value of your allocation is estimated from the NSF awards supporting the allocated resources.

If XSEDE Extended Collaborative Support (ECSS) assistance was recommended by the review panel, you will be contacted by the ECSS team within the next two weeks to begin discussing this collaboration.

For details about the decision and reviewer comments, please see below or go to the XSEDE User Portal (https://portal.xsede.org), login, click on the ALLOCATIONS tab, then click on Submit/Review Request. Once there you will see your recently awarded research request listed on the right under the section ‘Approved’. Please select the view action to see reviewer comments along with the notes from the review meeting and any additional comments from the Allocations administrator.

By default the PI and all co-PIs will be added to the resources awarded. If this is an award on a renewal request, current users will have their account end dates modified to reflect the new end date of this award. PIs, co-PIs, or Allocation Managers can add users to or remove users from resources on this project by logging into the portal (https://portal.xsede.org) and using the ‘Add/Remove User’ form.

Share the impact of XSEDE! In exchange for access to the XSEDE ecosystem, we ask that all users let us know what XSEDE has helped you achieve:

  • For all publications, please acknowledge use of XSEDE and allocated resources by citing the XSEDE paper (https://www.xsede.org/how-to-acknowledge-xsede) and also add your publications to your user profile.
  • Tell us about your achievements (http://www.xsede.org/group/xup/science-achievements).
  • Help us improve our reporting by keeping your XSEDE user profile up to date and completing the demographic fields (https://portal.xsede.org/group/xup/profile).

For question regarding this decision, please contact help@xsede.org.

Best regards,
XSEDE Resource Allocations Service

===========================

REVIEWER COMMENTS

===========================

Review #0 – Excellent

Assessment and Summary:
Maker is a well-known and fitting workflow for Jetstream. This should be a good use of resources.

Appropriateness of Methodology:

After each user on the allocation has logged in, the PI will need to open a ticket via help@xsede.org and request the quota be set per the allocation to 1TB. Please provide the XSEDE portal ID of each user.

Appropriateness of Computational Research Plan:

We request that any publications stemming from work done using Jetstream cite us – https://jetstream-cloud.org/research/citing-jetstream.php

Efficient Use of Resources:


We had a tremendous amount of help from Upendra Devisetty at CyVerse in getting the Xsede Startup Application written, as well as running WQ-MAKER on Xsede/Atmosphere/Jetstream (or, whatever it’s called!).


Now, on to how I got the run going…

I initiated the Olympia oyster genome annotation using a WQ-MAKER instance (MAKER 2.31.9 with CCTools v3.1) on Jetstream:


I followed the excellent step-by-step directions here:

The “MASTER” machine was a “m1.xlarge” machine (i.e. CPU: 24, Mem: 60 GB, Disk: 60 GB).

I attached a 1TB volume to the MASTER machine.

I set up the run using 21 “WORKER” machines. Twenty WORKERS were “m1.large” machines (i.e. CPU: 10, Mem: 30 GB, Disk: 60 GB). The remaining WORKER was set at “m1.xlarge” (i.e. CPU: 24, Mem: 60 GB, Disk: 60 GB) to use up the rest of our allocated memory.


MASTER machine was initialized with the following command:

nohup wq_maker -contigs-per-split 1 -cores 1 -memory 2048 -disk 4096 -N wq_maker_oly${USER} -d all -o master.dbg -debug_size_limit=0 -stats test_out_stats.txt > log_file.txt 2>&1 &

Each WORKER was started with the following command:

nohup work_queue_worker -N wq_maker_oly${USER} --cores all --debug-rotate-max=0 -d all -o worker.dbg > log_file_2.txt 2>&1 &

When starting each WORKER, an error message was generated, but this doesn’t seem to have any impact on the ability of the program to run:


I checked on the status of the run and you can see that there are 22 WORKERS and 15,568 files “WAITING”. BUT, there are 159,429 contigs in our genome FastA!

Why don’t these match??!!

This is because WQ-MAKER splits the genome FastA into smaller FastA files containg only 10 sequences each. This is why we see 10-fold fewer files being processed than sequences in our genome file.


Here is the rest of the nitty gritty details:

Genome file:
Transcriptome file:
Proteome files (NCBI):

The two FastA files below were concatenated into a single FastA file (gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes.fasta) for use in WQ-MAKER.

Maker options control file (maker_opts.ctl):

This is a bit difficult to read in this notebook; copy and paste in text editor for easier viewing.

NOTE: Paths to files (e.g. genome FastA) have to be relative paths; cannot be absolute paths!


#-----Genome (these are always required)
genome=../data/oly_genome/Olurida_v081.fa #genome sequence (fasta file or fasta embeded in GFF3 file)
organism_type=eukaryotic #eukaryotic or prokaryotic. Default is eukaryotic

#-----Re-annotation Using MAKER Derived GFF3
maker_gff= #MAKER derived GFF3 file
est_pass=0 #use ESTs in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
altest_pass=0 #use alternate organism ESTs in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
protein_pass=0 #use protein alignments in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
rm_pass=0 #use repeats in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
model_pass=0 #use gene models in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
pred_pass=0 #use ab-initio predictions in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no
other_pass=0 #passthrough anyything else in maker_gff: 1 = yes, 0 = no

#-----EST Evidence (for best results provide a file for at least one)
est=../data/oly_transcriptome/Olurida_transcriptome_v3.fasta #set of ESTs or assembled mRNA-seq in fasta format
altest= #EST/cDNA sequence file in fasta format from an alternate organism
est_gff= #aligned ESTs or mRNA-seq from an external GFF3 file
altest_gff= #aligned ESTs from a closly relate species in GFF3 format

#-----Protein Homology Evidence (for best results provide a file for at least one)
protein=../data/gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes.fasta  #protein sequence file in fasta format (i.e. from mutiple oransisms)
protein_gff=  #aligned protein homology evidence from an external GFF3 file

#-----Repeat Masking (leave values blank to skip repeat masking)
model_org=all #select a model organism for RepBase masking in RepeatMasker
rmlib= #provide an organism specific repeat library in fasta format for RepeatMasker
repeat_protein= #provide a fasta file of transposable element proteins for RepeatRunner
rm_gff= #pre-identified repeat elements from an external GFF3 file
prok_rm=0 #forces MAKER to repeatmask prokaryotes (no reason to change this), 1 = yes, 0 = no
softmask=1 #use soft-masking rather than hard-masking in BLAST (i.e. seg and dust filtering)

#-----Gene Prediction
snaphmm= #SNAP HMM file
gmhmm= #GeneMark HMM file
augustus_species= #Augustus gene prediction species model
fgenesh_par_file= #FGENESH parameter file
pred_gff= #ab-initio predictions from an external GFF3 file
model_gff= #annotated gene models from an external GFF3 file (annotation pass-through)
est2genome=0 #infer gene predictions directly from ESTs, 1 = yes, 0 = no
protein2genome=0 #infer predictions from protein homology, 1 = yes, 0 = no
trna=0 #find tRNAs with tRNAscan, 1 = yes, 0 = no
snoscan_rrna= #rRNA file to have Snoscan find snoRNAs
unmask=0 #also run ab-initio prediction programs on unmasked sequence, 1 = yes, 0 = no

#-----Other Annotation Feature Types (features MAKER doesn't recognize)
other_gff= #extra features to pass-through to final MAKER generated GFF3 file

#-----External Application Behavior Options
alt_peptide=C #amino acid used to replace non-standard amino acids in BLAST databases
cpus=1 #max number of cpus to use in BLAST and RepeatMasker (not for MPI, leave 1 when using MPI)

#-----MAKER Behavior Options
max_dna_len=100000 #length for dividing up contigs into chunks (increases/decreases memory usage)
min_contig=1 #skip genome contigs below this length (under 10kb are often useless)

pred_flank=200 #flank for extending evidence clusters sent to gene predictors
pred_stats=0 #report AED and QI statistics for all predictions as well as models
AED_threshold=1 #Maximum Annotation Edit Distance allowed (bound by 0 and 1)
min_protein=0 #require at least this many amino acids in predicted proteins
alt_splice=0 #Take extra steps to try and find alternative splicing, 1 = yes, 0 = no
always_complete=0 #extra steps to force start and stop codons, 1 = yes, 0 = no
map_forward=0 #map names and attributes forward from old GFF3 genes, 1 = yes, 0 = no
keep_preds=0 #Concordance threshold to add unsupported gene prediction (bound by 0 and 1)

split_hit=10000 #length for the splitting of hits (expected max intron size for evidence alignments)
single_exon=0 #consider single exon EST evidence when generating annotations, 1 = yes, 0 = no
single_length=250 #min length required for single exon ESTs if 'single_exon is enabled'
correct_est_fusion=0 #limits use of ESTs in annotation to avoid fusion genes

tries=2 #number of times to try a contig if there is a failure for some reason
clean_try=0 #remove all data from previous run before retrying, 1 = yes, 0 = no
clean_up=0 #removes theVoid directory with individual analysis files, 1 = yes, 0 = no
TMP= #specify a directory other than the system default temporary directory for temporary files

After the run finishes, it will have produced a corresponding GFF file for each scaffold. This is unwieldly, so the GFFs will be merged using the following code:

$ gff3_merge -n -d Olurida_v081.maker.output/Olurida_v081_master_datastore_index.log

All WORKERS were running as of 07:45 today. As of this posting (~3hrs later), WQ-MAKER had already processed ~45% of the files! Annotation will be finished by the end of today!!! Crazy!

Mox – Over quota: Olympia oyster genome annotation progress (using Maker 2.31.10)

UPDATE 20180730

Per this GitHub Issue, Steven has cleared out files.

Additionally, it appears that my job has just continued from where it was stuck. Very nice!

ORIGINAL POST IS BELOW


Well, this is an issue. Checked in on job progress and noticed that we’ve exceeded our storage quota on Mox:



Will have post an issue on GitHub to help get unnecessary files cleaned out. Kind of shocking that we’re using >6TB of space already…

Mox – Olympia oyster genome annotation progress (using Maker 2.31.10)

TL;DR – It appears to be continuing where it left off!

I decided to spend some time to figure out what was actually happening, as it’s clear that the annotation process is going to need some additional time to run and may span an additional monthly maintenance shutdown.

This is great, because, otherwise, this will take an eternity to actually complete (particularly because we’d have to move the job to run on one of our lab’s computers – which pale in comparison to the specs of our Mox nodes).

However, it’s a bit shocking that this is taking this long, even on a Mox node!

I started annotating the Olympia oyster genome on 20180529. Since then, the job has been interrupted twice by monthly Mox maintenance (which happens on the 2nd Tuesday of each month). Additionally, when this happens, the SLURM output file is overwritten, making it difficult to assess whether or not Maker continues where it left off or if it’s starting over from scratch.

Anyway, here’s how I deduced that the program is continuing where it left off.

  1. I figured out that it produces a generic feature format (GFF) file for each contig.

  2. Decided to search for the first contig GFF and look at it’s last modified date. This would tell me if it was newly generated (i.e. on the date that the job was restarted after the maintenance shutdown) or if it was old. Additionally, if there were more than one of these files, then I’d also know that Maker was just starting at the beginning and writing data to a different location.

    This shows:

    1. Only one copy of Contig0.gff exists.

    2. Last modified date is 20180530.

  3. Check the slurm output file for info.

    This reveals this important piece of info:

    MAKER WARNING: The file 20180529_oly_annotation_01.maker.output/20180529_oly_annotation_01_datastore/AC/68/Contig215522//theVoid.Contig215522/0/Contig215522.0.all.rb.out
    did not finish on the last run

All of these taken together lead me to confidently conclude that Maker is not restarting from the beginning and is, indeed, continuing where it left off. WHEW!

Just for kicks, I also ran a count of GFF files to see where this stands so far:

Wow! 622,010 GFFs!!!

Finally, for posterity, here’s the SLURM script I used to submit this job, back in May! I’ll have all of the corresponding genome files, proteome files, transcriptome files, etc. on one of our servers once the job completes.


#!/bin/bash
## Job Name
#SBATCH --job-name=20180529_oly_maker_genome_annotation
## Allocation Definition
#SBATCH --account=srlab
#SBATCH --partition=srlab
## Resources
## Nodes
#SBATCH --nodes=1
## Walltime (days-hours:minutes:seconds format)
#SBATCH --time=30-00:00:00
## Memory per node
#SBATCH --mem=500G
##turn on e-mail notification
#SBATCH --mail-type=ALL
#SBATCH --mail-user=samwhite@uw.edu
## Specify the working directory for this job
#SBATCH --workdir=/gscratch/srlab/sam/outputs/20180529_oly_maker_genome_annotation

## Establish variables for more readable code

### Path to Maker executable
maker=/gscratch/srlab/programs/maker-2.31.10/bin/maker

### Path to Olympia oyster genome FastA file
oly_genome=/gscratch/srlab/sam/data/O_lurida/oly_genome_assemblies/jelly.out.fasta

### Path to Olympia oyster transcriptome FastA file
oly_transcriptome=/gscratch/srlab/sam/data/O_lurida/oly_transcriptome_assemblies/Olurida_transcriptome_v3.fasta

### Path to Crassotrea gigas NCBI protein FastA
gigas_proteome=/gscratch/srlab/sam/data/C_gigas/gigas_ncbi_protein/GCA_000297895.1_oyster_v9_protein.faa

### Path to Crassostrea virginica NCBI protein FastA
virginica_proteome=/gscratch/srlab/sam/data/C_virginica/virginica_ncbi_protein/GCF_002022765.2_C_virginica-3.0_protein.faa

## Create Maker control files needed for running Maker
$maker -CTL

## Store path to options control file
maker_opts_file=./maker_opts.ctl

## Create combined proteome FastA file
touch gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes.fasta
cat "$gigas_proteome" >> gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes.fasta
cat "$virginica_proteome" >> gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes.fasta

## Edit options file

### Set paths to O.lurida genome and transcriptome.
### Set path to combined C. gigas and C.virginica proteomes.
## The use of the % symbol sets the delimiter sed uses for arguments.
## Normally, the delimiter that most examples use is a slash "/".
## But, we need to expand the variables into a full path with slashes, which screws up sed.
## Thus, the use of % symbol instead (it could be any character that is NOT present in the expanded variable; doesn't have to be "%").
sed -i "/^genome=/ s% %$oly_genome %" "$maker_opts_file"
sed -i "/^est=/ s% %$oly_transcriptome %" "$maker_opts_file"
sed -i "/^protein=/ s% %$gigas_virginica_ncbi_proteomes %" "$maker_opts_file"

## Run Maker
### Set basename of files and specify number of CPUs to use
$maker \
-base 20180529_oly_annotation_01 \
-cpus 24

Assembly Comparisons – Oly Assemblies Using Quast

I ran Quast to compare all of our current Olympia oyster genome assemblies.

See Jupyter Notebook in Results section for Quast execution.

Results:

Output folder: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/quast_results/results_2018_01_16_10_08_35/

Heatmapped table of results: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/quast_results/results_2018_01_16_10_08_35/report.html

Very enlightening!

After all the difficulties with PB Jelly, it has produced the most large contigs. However, it does also have the highest quantity and rate of N’s of all the assemblies produced to date.

BEST OF:

# contigs (>= 50000 bp): pbjelly_sjw_01 (894)
Largest Contig: redundans_sjw_02 (322,397bp)
Total Length: pbjelly_sjw_01 (1,180,563,613bp)
Total Length (>=50,000bp): pbjelly_sjw_01 (57,741,906bp)
N50: redundans_sjw_03 (17,679bp)

Jupyter Notebook (GitHub): 20180116_swoose_oly_assembly_comparisons_quast.ipynb

Genome Assembly – Olympia Oyster Illumina & PacBio Using PB Jelly w/BGI Scaffold Assembly

After another attempt to fix PB Jelly, I ran it again.

We’ll see how it goes this time…

Re-ran this using the BGI Illumina scaffolds FASTA.

Here’s a brief rundown of how this was run:

See the Jupyter Notebook for full details of run (see Results section below).

Results:

Output folder: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/20171130_oly_pbjelly/

Output FASTA file: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/20171130_oly_pbjelly/jelly.out.fasta

Quast assessment of output FASTA:

Assembly jelly.out
# contigs (>= 0 bp) 696946
# contigs (>= 1000 bp) 159429
# contigs (>= 5000 bp) 68750
# contigs (>= 10000 bp) 35320
# contigs (>= 25000 bp) 7048
# contigs (>= 50000 bp) 894
Total length (>= 0 bp) 1253001795
Total length (>= 1000 bp) 1140787867
Total length (>= 5000 bp) 932263178
Total length (>= 10000 bp) 691523275
Total length (>= 25000 bp) 261425921
Total length (>= 50000 bp) 57741906
# contigs 213264
Largest contig 194507
Total length 1180563613
GC (%) 36.57
N50 12433
N75 5983
L50 26241
L75 60202
# N’s per 100 kbp 6580.58

Have added this assembly to our Olympia oyster genome assemblies table.

This took an insanely long time to complete (nearly six weeks)!!! After some internet searching, I’ve found a pontential solution to this and have initiated another PB Jelly run to see if it will run faster. Regardless, it’ll be interesting to see how the results compare from two independent runs of PB Jelly.

Jupyter Notebook (GitHub): 20171130_emu_pbjelly.ipynb

Assembly Comparison – Oly Assemblies Using Quast

I ran Quast to compare all of our current Olympia oyster genome assemblies.

See Jupyter Notebook in Results section for Quast execution.

Results:

Output folder: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/quast_results/results_2017_11_14_12_30_25/

Heatmapped table of results: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/quast_results/results_2017_11_14_12_30_25/report.html

Very enlightening!

BEST OF:

Largest Contig: redundans_sjw_02 (322,397bp)
Total Length: soap_bgi_01 & pbjelly_sjw_01 (697,528,655bp)
Total Length (>=50,000bp): redundans_sjw_03 (17,006,058bp)
N50: redundans_sjw_03 (17,679bp)

Interesting tidbit: The pbjelly_sjw_01 assembly is EXACTLY the same as the soap_bgi_01. Looking at the output messages from that PB Jelly assembly, one can see why. The messages indicate that no gaps were filled on the BGI scaffold reference! That means the PB Jelly output is just the BGI scaffold reference assembly!

Jupyter Notebook (GitHub): 20171114_swoose_oly_assembly_comparisons_quast.ipynb

Genome Assembly – Olympia Oyster Illumina & PacBio Using PB Jelly w/BGI Scaffold Assembly

Yesterday, I ran PB Jelly using Sean’s Platanus assembly, but that didn’t produce an assembly because PB Jelly was expecting gaps in the Illumina reference assembly (i.e. scaffolds, not contigs).

Re-ran this using the BGI Illumina scaffolds FASTA.

Here’s a brief rundown of how this was run:

See the Jupyter Notebook for full details of run (see Results section below).

Results:

Output folder: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/20171114_oly_pbjelly/

Output FASTA file: http://owl.fish.washington.edu/Athaliana/20171114_oly_pbjelly/jelly.out.fasta

OK! This seems to have worked (and it was quick, like less than an hour!), as it actually produced a FASTA file! Will run QUAST with this and some assemblies to compare assembly stats. Have added this assembly to our Olympia oyster genome assemblies table.

Jupyter Notebook (GitHub): 20171114_emu_pbjelly_BGI_scaffold.ipynb