Tag Archives: RNA

RNA Cleanup – Tanner Crab RNA Pools

Grace had previously pooled a set of crab RNA in preparation for RNAseq. Yesterday, we/she concentrated the samples and then quantified them. Unfortunately, Qubit results were not good (concentrations were far below the expected 20ng/uL) and the NanoDrop1000 results yielded awful looking curves.

In an attempt to figure out what was wrong, I decided to use the RNeasy Plus Mini Kit (Qiagen) on the three pools. I did this due to the poor spec curves seen in the NanoDrop1000 measurements. Additionally, all of the RNA pools had undissolved/insoluble bits floating around in them. My thinking was that excess contaminants/salts could be interfering with the Qubit assay. Removing these could/should enlighten us as to what the issue might be.

Followed the manufacturer’s protocol for RNeasy MiniElute Cleanup Kit (as the RNeasy Plus Mini Kit uses the same reagents/columns for RNA purification) for samples with <100uL.

Samples were quantified on the RobertsLab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher) and the Qubit 3.0 (ThermoFisher) using the RNA high sensitivity (HS) Kit. Used 1uL of each sample.

Results:

Qubit (Google Sheet): 20180719_qubit_RNA_crab_pools

NanoDrop:

The NanoDrop did not detect any RNA in the samples.

The Qubit did not detect any RNA in Crab Pool 1. The other two samples had similar concentrations (~7ng/uL). This would mean a total of ~84ng of RNA was present in each of those two samples.

All pools were expected to have well over 1000ng of RNA.

Will have to think about what should be done, but I would lean towards attempting to run some “test” samples through the RNeasy Cleanup kit to see if that would help get us more accurate Qubit readings? I don’t know, though…

RNA Isolation – Olympia oyster gonad tissue in paraffin histology blocks

My previous go at this was a little premature – I didn’t wait for Laura to fully annotate her slides/blocks. Little did I know, the tissue was mostly visceral mass and, as such, I didn’t hit much in the way of actual gonad tissue. So, I’m redoing this, now that Grace has gone through and annotated the blocks to point out gonad tissue. SN-10-16 was sent to Katherine Silliman on 20170720.

Isolated RNA from Olympia oyster gonad previously preserved with the PAXgene Tissue Fixative and Stabilizer and then embedded in paraffin blocks. See Laura’s notebook for full details on samples and preservation.

 

RNA was isolated from the following samples using the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit (Qiagen). Gouged samples from the blocks weighing ~10mg from each of the tissues and processed according the protocol for isolating RNA from blocks of paraffin-embedded tissues.

Background on all of this is in this GitHub Issue

NF-10-22
NF-10-23
NF-10-24
NF-10-26
NF-10-28
NF-10-30
SN-10-16
SN-10-17
SN-10-20
SN-10-25
SN-10-26
SN-10-31

IMPORTANT:

  • Prior to beginning, I prepared an aliquot of Buffer TR1 by adding 40μL of β-mercaptoethanol (β-ME) to 4000μL of Buffer TR1)

Isolated RNA according to the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit protocol with the following alterations:

  • “Max speed” spins were performed at 20,000g.
  • Tissue disruption was performed by adding ~25-50 glass beads (425 – 600μm diameter) with the Disruptor Genie @ 45C for 15mins (in the Friedman Lab).
  • Shaking incubation step was performed with Disruptor Genie
  • Samples were eluted with 27μL of Buffer TR4 x 2, incubated @ 65C for 5mins, immediately placed on ice.

 

Results:

Samples were not quantified due to lack of proper RNA Qubit assay AND the computer that our NanoDrop1000 is hooked up to is dead. Will have Katherine Silliman perform quantification.

Samples were stored at -80C temporarily.

Samples will be sent to Katherine Silliman for high-throughput library construction and sequencing once I hear back from her regarding her availability to receive the samples.

DNase Treatment – O.lurida Ctenidia 1hr Post-Mechanical Stress RNA

Quantified the RNA I isolated from Jake’s samples on 20150715 and 20150710 using the Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000 (ThermoFisher).

 

 

 

Overall, the yields are good. The 260/280 ratios are mediocre. Will proceed with DNase treatment.

DNased 1.5ug of RNA from each sample using the Turbo DNA-free Kit (Ambion/Life Technologies), following the “rigorous” protocol.

Briefly:

  • 50μL reactions were carried out in 0.5mL tubes
  • added 1μL of DNase to each tube
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added additional 1μL of DNased
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added 0.2 vols (10.2μL) of DNase Inactivation Reagent
  • incubated and mixed for 2mins @ RT
  • spun 1.5mins, 10,000g @ RT
  • transferred 50μL of supe to sterile 1.5mL snap cap tubes
  • spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000

Samples were stored @ -80C in Shellfish RNA Box #6. Will quantify at a later date.

DNase reaction calcs: 20150727_Jake_Oly_mech_stress_DNase_calcs

 

RNA Isolation – O.lurida Ctenidia 1hr Post-Mechanical Stress

Isolated RNA from Jake’s Ostrea lurida ctenidia samples that had been subjected to mechanical stress (from 20150422).

Despite the indication in this notebook, the samples had not been previously homogenized in RNAzol RT. I thawed the samples, homogenized them and followed the RNAzol RT protocol for total RNA isolation. Here’s the list of samples:

  • 42215 NM1 1
  • 42215 NM1 2
  • 42215 NM1 3
  • 42215 NM1 4
  • 42215 NM1 5
  • 42215 NM1 6
  • 42215 NM1 7
  • 42215 NM1 8

RNA was resuspended in 50μL of 0.1%DEPC-H2O and stored @ -80C in the original box they came from.

DNase Treatment – Jake’s O.lurida Ctenidia RNA (1hr Heat Shock) from 20150506

Since the O.lurida RNA I isolated on 20150506 showed residual gDNA via qPCR, I treated 1.5μg of RNA from each sample using the Turbo DNA-free Kit (Ambion/Life Technologies), following the “rigorous” protocol.

Briefly:

  • 50μL reactions were carried out in 0.5mL tubes
  • added 1μL of DNase to each tube
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added additional 1μL of DNased
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added 0.2 vols (10.2μL) of DNase Inactivation Reagent
  • incubated and mixed for 2mins @ RT
  • transferred 50μL of supe to sterile 1.5mL snap cap tubes
  • spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000

Samples were stored @ -80C in Shellfish RNA Box #5 and Box #6.

DNase reaction calcs: 20150514_Jake_Oly_1hr_HS_DNase_calcs

 

 

Results:

Google Spreadsheet: 20150514_DNased_RNA_Jake_Oly_1hr_HS_ODs

 

 

 

 

All samples look pretty good except for HT1 8 (RNA concentration is ridiculously high!) and NT1 8 (RNA concentration is way below expected). Will check for residual gDNA via qPCR.

DNase Treatment – Jake’s O.lurida Ctenidia RNA (Controls) from 20150507

Since the O.lurida RNA I isolated on 20150507 showed residual gDNA via qPCR, I treated 5μg of RNA from each sample using the Turbo DNA-free Kit (Ambion/Life Technologies), following the “rigorous” protocol.

Briefly:

  • 50μL reactions were carried out in 0.5mL tubes
  • added 1μL of DNase to each tube
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added additional 1μL of DNased
  • incubated 30mins @ 37C
  • added 0.2 vols (10.2μL) of DNase Inactivation Reagent
  • incubated and mixed for 2mins @ RT
  • transferred 50μL of supe to sterile 1.5mL snap cap tubes
  • spec’d on Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000

Samples were stored @ -80C in Shellfish RNA Box #5 and Box #6.

DNase reaction calcs: 20150514_Jake_Oly_control_DNase_calcs

 

 

Results:

 

Google Spreadsheet: 20150514_DNased_RNA_Jake_Oly_controls_ODs

 

 

 

 

Overall, samples look fine. Will check for residual gDNA via qPCR.

qPCR – Jake O.lurida ctenidia RNA (Heat Shock Samples) from 20150506

Ran qPCRs on the O.lurida total RNA I isolated on 20150506 to assess presence of gDNA carryover with Oly Actin primers (SR IDs: 1505, 1504).

Used 1μL from all templates.

All samples were run in duplicate.

Positive control was HL1 O.lurida DNA isolated by Jake on 20150323.

Master mix calcs are here: 20150512_qPCR_Oly_RNA

Cycling params:

  • 95C – 3mins
  • 40 cycles of:
    • 95C – 5s
    • 60C – 20s
  • Melt curve

 

Plate layout: 20150512_qPCR_plate_Jake_Oly_HS_RNA

Results:

qPCR Data File (Opticon2): Sam_20150512_123246.tad

qPCR Report (Google Spreadsheet):20150512_qPCR_Report_Jake_Oly_HS_RNA

Excluding the no template controls (NTC), all samples produced amplification. Will require DNasing before making cDNA.

Related to the qPCR I ran earlier today with these same primers, the efficiencies of the reactions on this plate are significantly better (i.e. normal; >80% efficiencies) than the earlier qPCR. The improved efficiency would also explain why the positive control comes up two cycles earlier on this run.

In the amplification plots below, the positive control reps are the two lines coming up at cycle ~20.

 

Amplification Plots

 

Melt Curves

qPCR – Jake O.lurida ctenidia RNA (Control Samples) From 20150507

Ran qPCRs on the O.lurida total RNA I isolated on 20150507 to assess presence of gDNA carryover with Oly Actin primers (SR IDs: 1505, 1504).

Used 1μL from all templates.

All samples were run in duplicate.

Positive control was HL1 O.lurida DNA isolated by Jake on 20150323.

Master mix calcs are here: 20150512_qPCR_Oly_RNA

Cycling params:

  • 95C – 3mins

40 cycles of:

  • 95C – 5s
  • 60C – 20s

Melt curve

 

Plate layout: 20150512_qPCR_plate_Jake_Oly_Control_RNA

 

Results:

qPCR Data File (Opticon2): Sam_20150512_105811.tad

qPCR Report (Google Spreadsheet): 20150512_qPCR_Report_Jake_Oly_Control_RNA

Excluding the no template controls (NTC), all samples produced amplification. Will require DNasing before making cDNA.

On a side note, it should be noted that the efficiencies for all of the reactions were pretty bad; probably averaging 50%. Not entirely sure why or what that indicates.

In the amplification plots below, the positive control reps are the two red lines coming up at cycle ~22.

Amplification Plots

 

 

Melt Curves

 

 

RNA Isolation – Geoduck Gonad in Paraffin Histology Blocks

UPDATE 20150528: The RNA isolated in this notebook entry may have been consolidated on 20150528.

The RNA isolation I performed earlier this week proved to be better for some of the samples (scraping tissue directly from the blocks), but still exhibited low yields from some samples. I will perform a final RNA isolation attempt (the kit only has six columns left) from the following samples:

  • 02
  • 03
  • 04
  • 07
  • 08
  • 09

Instead of full sections from each histology cassette, I gouged samples directly from the tissue in each of the blocks to maximize the amount of tissue input.

IMPORTANT:

Samples were then processed with the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit in a single group.

Isolated RNA according to the PAXgene Tissue RNA Kit protocol with the following alterations:

  • “Max speed” spins were performed at 19,000g.
  • Tissue disruption was performed with the Disruptor Genie @ 45C for 15mins.
  • Shaking incubation step was performed with Disruptor Genie
  • Samples were eluted with 40μL of Buffer TR4, incubated @ 65C for 5mins, immediately placed on ice and quantified on the Roberts Lab NanoDrop1000.

 

All samples were stored @ -80C in Shellfish RNA Box #5.

Results:

 

Two samples (02 and 07) produced great yields and perfect RNA (260/280 and 260/230 of ~2.0). The remainder of the samples showed little improvement compared to what I’ve been obtaining from the previous three attempts. Will discuss with Steven and Brent about how to proceed with this project.